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Bike
The prototype bike scooter was the end of the XVII century, which was a bar on two wheels - front and rear. Sitting on such a "selerifere" (ie bystrohode), repelled the rider kicking off the ground, and then pursed them, while balancing to keep from falling, and went out of inertia. In 1814, German inventor Baron von Dries Zauerbronn perfected the scooter, providing timber seat. He also introduced a significant improvement, as the wheel of the front wheel. In 1815 Dries came to his child in Vienna, where he then held the Congress of Vienna. During this frivolous invention he lost the title of princely forester in Karlsruhe. However, he later obtained a position of professor of mechanics and a ten-year patent for his invention and successfully engaged in manufacturing "cross-country vehicles." Despite the fact that the bike Dries was still very far from perfect, he demonstrated good speed. In 1817, a retired forest ranger on the dispute within four hours covered the distance from Karlsruhe to Kehl (about 70 km). They write that mail coach spent on this trip four times longer.

The Frenchman took Diener in 1818 a patent for "trolley" in his country, first calling it "bike", meaning "swift-footed" (from the Latin words "velox" - fast and "pedis" - leg). No sooner had the bikes to be born, as in all European countries started the craze of the novelty. Fops and dandies of the highest society enthusiastically chased them along the boulevards or have demonstrated their skills at specific sites. In the late 20s the first "bike boom" began to decline. But the improvement of bicycle design continued.

In 1845, German inventor Milius built the first bicycle with pedals on the front wheel. From this time riders should not be longer repelled feet above the ground. For a long time, bicycles were made of wood. In 1867 Cowper came up with a very lightweight wheel with the hub, hanging on the wire spokes. In 1869, there were bikes with metal frames. At the same time Michaud Frenchman for the first time organized a factory manufacturing bicycles. Compatriot Michaud Tevenona invented bicycle tire rubber, and the French manufacturer Syurirey first applied to the bicycle bearings. It was a very important improvement. A year later, in 1870, English inventor Lawson introduced the chain drive from the pedals to the rear wheel. cyclist speed after these innovations increased so that it could compete with horse riding.

Its modern form took a bike in 80-90-ies of the XIX century. Dublin veterinarian Dunlop in 1885 supplied the bicycle wheel of his 12-year-old son of the gutta-percha hose pneumatic tires are attached to the rim by means of a linen tape. He came up with the valve makes it easy and fast to pump the wheel, but do not release the air out. The boy went on this bike for a long time without attracting anyone's attention until one coaching salesman, startled easily bike course, did not appreciate it at its true worth and does not have on its value to the inventor finds. Only then, in 1888, Dunlop took out a patent and soon established a manufacturing pneumatic tires. They quickly spread throughout the world.

First, to increase the speed of the bicycle, the front wheel had made a very big, but riding on a high car was associated with a hazard. After the invention of a chain drive the need for such a structure has disappeared.

The greatest passion bicycle falls on the 80-ies of the XIX century, when mankind has experienced a new "bicycle boom." Since 1890 began the rapid development of the bike industry. The number of cars produced then all over the world, amounted to several million pieces.

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