Will discole of the Third Reich
It got us recently eyes curious manuscript. The author has worked for a long time abroad. In Montevideo, in Paraguay, he had a chance to meet with the former prisoner camp CP-A4, which was located under the Peenemünde in northern Germany, where, as is now known, during the Second World War was a missile test site and other naisekret Nation-engineering of the Third Reich. To work on it Head landfill Major General Deriberger and began to involve inmates after Allied aircraft raided and someone had to disassemble the rubble.
And in September 1943, the prisoner had a chance to witness the following curious case. "Our team finished dismantling bombs shattered concrete wall, - he said. - At lunchtime the whole team has been taken away by guards, and I stayed, because during a sprained foot. Different manipulations I finally managed to straighten the joint, but I'm late for dinner, the car had already left. And here I am sitting on the ruins, see: on the tarmac near one of the hangars four workers rolled the machine, which had in the center of the droplet and the cabin like an inverted bowl with a small inflatable wheels ... "
A short stout man, apparently led the test, waved his hand, and a strange device, the sun cast a silvery metal, made a hissing sound like the work of a blowtorch, and pulled away from the concrete platform.
He flew somehow unstable, swaying. And when ran especially strong gust of wind from the Baltic Sea, the machine suddenly turned, began to lose altitude. A moment later, he hit the ground, there was a crunch of breaking parts, skin fragments do blue flame. I will draw out a hissing jet engine, and then crashed - apparently exploded the fuel tank.
Thus, probably one of the stages held test apparatus VTOL discoid shape. The first version of it was developed by German engineers and Shriver Gabermolem in February 1941 at the airport near Prague, said specifically was investigating the story Engineer Yuri Stroganov. By design it resembled lying bicycle wheel. Hub served as the pilot cabin, the spokes - adjustable blade-type helicopter, for the strength of the prisoners in the rim. By changing the angle of attack of the blades could be made to the machine or take off and land vertically, fly horizontally or in any direction.
So it looked ideal. However, in practice it soon became clear that the slightest imbalance of the whole "wheel" led to terrible vibrations and shaking machines. No better behaved and improved version, different from the first size, engine power, and so on. D. And although the designers have promised in case of success to reach the speed of 1200 kilometers per hour, these developments have remained airfield exotic.
The accumulated experience in all probability, was used in the construction of the Austrian inventor Viktor Schauberger. The car, which had the code name "Belontse disc" was a "flying saucer", on which perimeter was located 12 obliquely standing jet engines. However, like not even they created the main lift, and served only to maneuver. But in the middle of the platform was a "smokeless and flameless" engine operating principle is "based on the explosion, and at work, he only consumed water and air." He, they say, and lifted the car up into the sky.
The prototype is not whether this aircraft saw former prisoner CC-A4 camp? Judge surely this is difficult because some do not match the facts. It is known, for example, two "drive" embodiment have a diameter, respectively 39 and 68 meters, and is much larger than that of the apparatus. However, the prototype can be much smaller. The more he saw his prisoner in 1943, and according to other sources his first and last flight "Disc Belontse" made in February 1945. They say that in three minutes he reached a height of 15 kilometers and has a top speed 2200 kilometers per hour. Brilliant results, given that sat down and took off the device vertically, can hover and fly in any direction without turning.
However, the war was coming to an end, to make some changes in the course of its novelty could not, and was soon destroyed. Its creator was running successfully in the USA and in 1958 he wrote in one of his letters:
"... I was after the war heard that there is an intensive development diskoob different aircraft, but, despite the passage of time and a lot of captured German documents, the country's leading development, have not created at least something similar to my model, exploded on Keitel's orders ... "
Schauberger himself was not renewed its construction, although the Americans promised him for that much. Why? According to one version, he was responsible for all proposals that prior to the signing of an international agreement on the complete disarmament can not publicize his discovery - it belongs to the future.
Honestly, "Cool story, but hard to believe." Recall, as unfolded in the United States, Wernher von Braun, rocket which the Americans eventually flew to the moon. It is unlikely to resist the temptation and Schauberger, if I could showmanship.
But it seems that he had nothing to show. Most likely, he did not possess all the information completeness. Most of her assistants, first-class specialists perished in concentration camps.
However, an allusion to the fact that such work is still conducted, the allies still got it. Anyway, having been at a secret facility in Bleslau (now Wroclaw), our local experts after some time, launched its own work on the creation of vertical take-off devices. Evidence of this can serve as at least a "barrel", is now stored in one of the hangars Aviation Museum in Monino. The official name of outlandish aircraft - turbolet. He felt at the end of the 1950s, our famous ace Yu Garnaev. Hover turbolet and moved due to the lifting power of the jet engine, mounted vertically. And the device was driven by a gas rudders placed directly into the jet stream.
Not forgotten, however, and vertical takeoff vehicles with helicopter rotors. They now form the basis for the creation of inaletov. These include, for example, include the "flying saucer", created by a former professor of aeronautics and now a businessman and inventor Paul Moller. This device, called "Volunteer-M200F", has a "plate" 6 engines with screws, located in the annular channels around the perimeter. In the middle sits the pilot to operate the machine. (As you can see, there is a similarity with the prototype.) The machine can fly at an altitude of several kilometers at a speed of about 250 kilometers per hour.
The next logical step made by our designers. One Tyumen teacher, businessman and inventor AI Filimonov. The essence of development is. Immediately after the cockpit fuselage rapidly expanding, flowing annular channel helicopter rotor. And in the tail region located boosters with airplane propeller. In the ring, several appointments. At cruise it covers the rotor, providing better streamlined, and hence the economy. Begins reduction - Undo the screws and jet rudders provide good stability. Finally, the landing of the ring extends rubber "skirt" that allows you to gently land on the "belly", or more precisely, to "air cushion". The latter, incidentally, also allows you to move above the surface, both on water and on land, overcoming the unevenness of up to 0.5 meters tall.
Further development of this idea offered designers Concern "EKIP", working under the leadership of LN Schukin. Although a form of "EC. IPA "looks like a UFO, nothing fantastic in the structure itself is not. This is essentially a flying wing with a small aspect ratio is very thick (up to 37 percent of the chord length) profile. Inside this wing and placed the payload, avoiding the usual fuselage. hovercraft chassis allows to take off virtually any surface, and the unique opportunity aerodynamic wing boundary layer suction system provides an almost vertical rise. The first "EKIP" is already flying on the stage subsequent modifications - larger and lifting.
Continue to work and foreign inventors. Recently, an aeronautical engineer from the United States, George Neumayer received a patent for the construction of another "flying saucer". It is a disk with a diameter of 60 meters. In the center of the thickness of 15 m, and the periphery of eroding, forming a sharp edge. On top of the entire surface of the disc is covered with solar panels. And in the bottom of the cut portholes for 800 passengers, seated in four rows along the circumference of the aircraft. The upper part of the disc is filled with helium easy to create additional lift. Underneath 9 turbojet engines mounted on swivel joints. They can lift unit vertically in air, and then give it a translational motion. The additional lift is created by the disk, representing an airfoil. This creates a power reserve, allowing the unit to continue the flight, even if some of its engines suddenly come out of the building.
However, even when ditching at transatlantic voyage nothing really bad will happen. The device has a positive buoyancy and can remain on the surface of the ocean plenty of time: at least until then, until it self-help or crew to repair the damage.
Since the design looks on paper. What will life? The inventor himself set up quite skeptical. "After the Wright brothers only one person was able to put into practice a new kind of US aircraft, - he says. - That was Igor Sikorsky, patented in 1943, his helicopter project. Well, if I shall be next ... "
I would like to hope so. But so far, the aerodynamic characteristics of the "disk" and "trays" still appeared worse than conventional aircraft. Therefore, the case and did not move on those experiments, which we have told you.