What said clay tablets
Six thousand years ago on the coast of the Persian Gulf there Sumerian civilization, left many clay tablets in cuneiform flecked. These plates brought us the myths, historical records, codes of law, economic documents, personal letters. Entire libraries of clay tables were found by archaeologists in the ruins of Nineveh, capital of Assyria, and other major ancient city in Mesopotamia - Nippur. But, despite this seemingly huge amount of information, there are still many mysteries in the history of the Sumerian civilization. And one of them is connected with the texts of clay tablets ...
Judging by the decrypted text, the ancient Sumerians had detailed information about the universe, stars and planets, they have extensive knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, industry, agriculture. Six thousand years ago, they knew that the Earth revolves around the sun. It Sumerian astronomers divided the sky into twelve signs of the zodiac. They were known to all the planets of the solar system and the history of their origin. But, for example. Uranus was "officially" opened in 1781, and Pluto - only in 1930!
As they say clay tablets, 4 billion years ago, our solar system invaded newcomer from the depths of space - Nibiru, wandering celestial body the size of Earth. As NASA experts have calculated according to the clay tablets, a celestial body moving at a speed of about 65 thousand kilometers per hour. While the Sun (Apsu) accessed Mercury (Mummu), Venus (Lahamu), Mars (Lahmu), the planet Tiamat with his companion, the Moon, Jupiter (Kishar), Saturn
(Anshar), Uranus (Anu), Neptune (Ea) and Pluto (Gaga). They all moved in solar orbits counterclockwise. When a mysterious Nibiru entered the solar system, he was in the gravitational field of the sun and captured them, went on an unstable orbit, rotating in a clockwise direction and being exposed to the gravitational fields of other planets. In turn, under the action of the gravitational field on Nibiru next to it planets of the solar system began to occur disasters. Most of all suffered Tiamat. She started strong tectonic processes, which result in a planet torn into two parts. One of them, together with the satellite of Tiamat - the Moon was thrown into a different orbit and continued his life under the name of the Earth. Another part of the lost planet collapsed into pieces and formed the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
And Nibiru? Under the influence of the forces caused by the disaster with Tiamat, he also moved into a new orbit, to the very periphery, and became the tenth, the most distant planet of the solar system. In the scientific and science fiction literature it is called Transpluto.
Maybe this story - only another beautiful legend? But in 1766, a German astronomer, physicist and mathematician Johann Titius formulated, and another German astronomer Johann Bode, justified the so-called "Titius-Bode". This rule defines a pattern: at what distance from the Sun must be a planet of the Solar System. So, this law provides for the existence between Mars and Jupiter "planet number 5", which actually is not!
The fact that the rule "Titius-Bode" is true, proved subsequent discovery of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Indeed, in 1772, when Bode published the results of their calculations, these planets were not yet known to astronomers. And then in 1781 opened Uranus - usually "works"! It was then for the first time raised the question of "planet number 5" ...
The first broad discussion took place on issues Astronomical Congress in 1796. "Planet number 5" were hard to get, and the first New Year's Eve of the XIX century Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered her.
But it was not a planet in the "normal" sense, and the celestial body is extremely small sizes. Tiny planetoid named Ceres. In 1802 was inaugurated its "sister" - Pallas, two years later - Juno, three years later - Vesta ... Gradually it became clear that between Mars and Jupiter, where by all accounts should be "planet number 5" circles around the sun many tiny plane - current - asteroids. And the question immediately arose - how did this "swarm"?
This question has already asked the German astronomer Heinrich Olbers, Vesta and Pallas opened. He first suggested that "the planet is number 5" exploded, creating a cloud of asteroids and space dust.
On clay tablets of ancient Sumer, telling us about the accident that happened to the planet Tiamat, did not know then. But in Europe, it was well known to the ancient Greek myth of Phaeton, son of the sun. Once the Phaeton without the permission of his father brought a golden chariot drawn by a pair of fire-breathing horses, and raced across the sky, but could not cope with the frantic horses, he failed to send his father's chariot on the way, burned all life on earth, and he was killed by lightning incinerated. This event caused a catastrophe on Earth ...
In the early 1970s, it has been calculated the estimated mass of "the world number 5" and the time of its destruction - 16 million years ago. And that's what caused the destruction? There is a lot of uncertainties.
Hypothetical "planet number 5" from the time of Olbers called Phaeton. But it turns out, the ancient Sumerians knew and its other name - Tiamat. And the Sumerians knew that in the crash, which happened with the Phaeton, Tiamat not blame the golden chariot, and another celestial body - Nibiru, it is the same - likely Transpluto. So far, all attempts to detect it ended in nothing, even though the presence of the solar system some outside the gravitational field, which has no relationship to the known planets, there is a long time. In the 1980s, the American spacecraft "Pioneer" and "Voyager" as they approach the edge of the solar system suddenly started to increasingly deviate from the calculated trajectory. Calculations showed that the deviations are caused by the gravitational field of an unknown planet's mass, which should be located beyond the orbit of Pluto at a distance of about 50 astronomical units. In 1997, American astronomers announced that they discovered a small planet in the outer solar system. Rubbish is not called cosmic body, perhaps, be regarded as the Sumerian Nibiru, the tenth planet of the solar system.
The newly discovered planet is an astrophysicist at Cambridge under the number 1996TL66 quite massive and spans 490 kilometers. It revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit, approaching it at a minimum distance of 35 and retiring at a maximum distance of 130 astronomical units (one astronomical unit is the distance of the Earth from the Sun, which is 150 million kilometers). This is significantly more than the orbit of Pluto and Neptune. Already I found a few of these bodies in the area called "Cooper's belt", which is located far away from the so-called Oort cloud, where "born" of the comet. The discovery of a small planet on the edge of the solar system, perhaps, promises many new surprises ...