Water named Nessie
In the north-east of Scotland, Inverness County, is a vast lowland - Great Glen. And in the midst of it reaches the highest in these harsh edges of the lake - Loch Ness (literally nose-Lake). Its area is about 60 square kilometers and the maximum depth is 230 meters. Through Caledonian Canal connects Loch Ness to the North Sea - in the north-east and the Irish Sea - the south-west. The water in the lake, curiously, does not freeze even in the coldest winter. And the living creatures, living in its depths, impresses with its abundance and diversity. What is just is not found - and turtles and eels, and even sturgeon, not counting the smaller fry ... And finally, water spirits. Or rather - the water. And he dwelt in the waters of the lake in the distant ancient times. Anyway, so says an old Scottish legend.
Many myths and legends were among the ancient Scots. Some of them have been forgotten over time. Others survived neglect, revived through the centuries and survived. In one of these legends, the most impressive, describes the water kelpie, which today happens to be brought before the people in the form of prehistoric monsters.
No one knows exactly when Kelpy settled in the waters of Loch Ness - probably long before the first humans appeared on the shores of the lake. Kelpie, it must be said, is not very happy aliens invading his domain. And so to scare away intruders, water whenever it was in terrible shape. More often than not he scared of lonely wanderers, turning into a horse with a long neck and a very small head. So, seeing any traveler Kelpy lured him substituting GBOK) glossy back - if offered where to drop off. And he carried away unsuspecting person into the water. Since the accident has not been seen more ...
And people were afraid to settle close to the lake because it was considered | damn. Even today, the shore of Loch Ness are still | the most sparsely populated in the neighborhood: towns and villages, not to mention the cities, there is really one, two and miscalculated.
Whatever it was, there were years, decades, and the people continued to disappear all on the banks of the ill-fated lake. And as soon as the Scots did not try - the people, though superstitious, but extremely courageous - have caught the evil Kelpy to do away with him once and for all. But all to no avail. Water was elusive. More than that: in the end, he simply took so disappeared from his eyes, hidden in his lair at the bottom of the lake. For a long time ...
Centuries passed. And one hot summer of 1933 the couple Mr. and Mrs. Mackay returned home by car - in a small town Dramnadrohit that Scottish Highlands. The way they ran just along the deserted shores of Loch Ness. The weather that day was windless - in short, a complete silence. The smooth surface of the lake sparkled in dazzling sunshine, like a huge mirror. The car rolled slowly - wife discovered enjoying the spectacular views from everywhere. Here it is - the kingdom of pristine beauty and eternal rest ...!
And suddenly the silence was broken by a strange noise, subtle and quiet through the rhythmic roar of a car engine - as if a distant splash. Mrs. McKay involuntarily looked toward the lake - and then cried out in amazement. On the surface of the lake unexpectedly a strange creature, like not the enormous fish, not a lizard. In a word - a monster. Mr. McKay slowed down, and the couple have together opened their eyes watched unprecedented picture. The truth is - not for long. After some ten to twenty seconds monster as suddenly plunged into the water and no longer appeared.
The next day, the couple McKay told her what had happened;
neighbor and friend Alex Campbell. He served in the Office of Water and Forestry and i between times wrote an article in the local newspaper "Inverness Courier". Mackay even remembered some details of what they saw. As it seemed to both of them, the monster was five or six meters in length; torso - like a whale, not one, not two humps on his back under the sun shines; neck - very long as a giraffe's head - very tiny, at least compared to the neck and torso.
At first, Alex Campbell did not believe the neighbors, even though people thought they were honest and decent. This is understandable: after all, he was in the service for the protection of fishing grounds and knew all the rivers and lakes in the area, like the five fingers. He also knew that in the summer, especially in hot weather, on the surface of water bodies due to the haze, you can often see mirages - unusual optical phenomenon, when one or the other subject - for example, a floating bottle, or, say, a tiny bird - suddenly grow to the most incredible size.
However, doubt Campbell briefly - in the end he believed McKay's word, rightly judging that after all they are his friends and is unlikely to become fool his head any fantastic story ... and in a few days' Inverness Courier "published an article by Campbell - in its basis lay McKay story. He, Alex Campbell, and christened it the mysterious inhabitant of Loch Nese Loch Ness monster.
So, in 1933, thanks to the strange case of spouses McKay, then retell Alex Campbell, revived half-forgotten Scottish legend about the water kelpie. However, from now on the water with a light hand Campbell has found another, less intimidating nickname - Nes-si (ie "Nosach" or, if you will, "Nosatka"). But the most interesting thing in this story is that over the years Rises began to grow more and more spectacular detail, including quite obvious facts - photographs and documentary films depicting Nessie. Or, more precisely, what it looks like. So, more recently semi-wild shores of Loch Nese become a place of pilgrimage - perhaps the most famous tourist attraction in the whole of Scotland.
And there was - hunting ... only this time not with spears and arrows, and even with guns but with cameras so cameras. The first, who was lucky enough to capture Nessie, was a certain Hugh Gray. It was November 12, 1933, and by pure chance. Here it should be noted that all the subsequent pictures Loch Ness monster were also made without the involvement of his Majesty the case. Although many of them, as it turned out, it was fake.
For example, the second and probably the most famous photographs of Nes BBC a year later did Dr. Kenneth Wilson, a surgeon from London. His picture went around newspapers and magazines around the world and came to be known as "photo surgeon" ... However passed sixty years, and March 15th, 1994 - the day of the death of Kenneth Wilson - his grandson confessed that the photo of his grandfather - a fake, although rather clever . And he did it Whom some intricate way: carved wooden long neck, NASA-Ail her wooden head is then installed an ingenious "design" an underwater self-propelled machine and let the water. So it remains for small - seizing the moment to press the button fotoaparata.
Incidentally, the same picture a few years ago with the point-chostyu reproduced the English writer Ronald Binns. However, he resorted to the help of the submersible is not, and his friend diver Those staying under water and lifted to the surface one arm bent characteristically ed
It should be noted that Ronald Binns spent many years studying the darkest depths of the lake Loch Ness and the mysteries hidden in them. Through his hands passed and a lot of photos of Nessie. However, according to the author | researchers, not all of them are trustworthy. Since ^ Binns said, the so-called "witnesses" are often wishful thinking. In fact, this is just trunks, empty barrels, upturned boats or rocks protruding from the water, and large water birds, which a great many on the lake, a large dorsal fins of fish - the same sturgeon. As is known, some individuals sea sturgeon, sometimes reaching four-meter length, come to spawn in the waters of Loch Ness from the North Sea on the Caledonian Canal.
But witnesses, give tribute to their tenacity, strongly insisted. Especially since they include and specialists. For example, the English zoologist Dr. Anthony Schiele, who made two pictures of Nessie May 21, 1977, accompanied by the following description: "The essence of greenish-brown back, light brown belly and a smooth, shiny skin. For a few seconds, it was kept on the surface of a perfectly still and swayed a little small head, disproportionate to the length of the neck. Then the neck bent, and the creature disappeared under the water. "
And on the evidence of Shils can rely entirely: for most of his life he devoted to the search for the unknown occupants science reservoirs around the globe, including the oceans. Some "beings" Schiele even saw with my own eyes and made them detailed descriptions, which have taken a worthy place among other scientific papers on cryptozoology - the science that studies how time unknown species of animals.
So who are you, Nessie?
The first scientist to attempt to describe and classify the Loch Ness monster, was a Dutch zoologist Edemans. Allow the puzzle "curse" of the lake, he tried at the end of the last century. It Edemans doctor first suggested that Scottish Water - a species of sea snake, the legendary creature, a long time has become talk of the town, especially among sailors. That's just, unfortunately, no clarification in this regard the Dutch naturalist did not.
After half a century of research Edemansa continued famous Belgian scientist Dr. Bernard Heuvelmans, who rightly believe! father of cryptozoology. He, for his part, said that, according to numerous observations in the oceans, there are at least nine species of the so-called sea snakes. They are descended from the ancient giant eels, and some varieties - from prehistoric whales. However, Professor Eyvelmans not rule out the possibility that in the guise Loch Ness monster is hiding a rare kind of long-necked seal
From the point of view of Bernau Eyvelmansa completely agree Irish zoologist Peter Castello. He, in particular, believed that this little-studied type of seals belong to other "monsters" that live in the waters of the Northern Hemisphere ...
In general - as scientists, so many opinions. But be that as it may, the majority of scientists - among them the famous German cryptozoologist Karl Shuker - to believe that Nessie is not that other, as the plesiosaur - a prehistoric reptile that lived on Earth about 70 million years ago and miraculously survived to this day. Other scientists - in particular the famous English zoologist Joe Nathan Downs - strongly disagree with them. They argue that any reptile, including a giant reptile, hardly able to survive in the cold waters of the North of Scotland. What supporters version of plesiosaur least strongly objected, citing the leatherback turtle, has a rare ability to survive, and in a much more severe climatic conditions. At the same time, however, they seem to intentionally forget one important fact - or rather vital factor: the food resources of the lake is not large enough to feed many generations relic reptile. Besides researchers, sweeping the bottom of Loch Ness almost inch by inch, we never came across the remains of a plesiosaur, but because they had to accumulate big set of tens of millions of years. However, the lack of remains can be explained by the fact that the most profound and, therefore, hard to reach areas of the lake bottom and remained un-surveyed. On the other hand, the bottom of Loch Ness multimeter completely covered with a layer of mud under which it is likely, and the remains of prehistoric reptiles, and safely - thanks to the low water temperature. And here it is appropriate to recall the words of the ancient Scottish legend: "What once sunk into the waters of Loch Ness, was gone forever."
The only thing that does not disappear without a trace in the waters of Loch Ness, so it is referred to the giant sturgeon: they invariably returned after spawning in the North Sea In addition, this type of fish have a rather remarkable feature: reaching, so to speak, of old age, they lose flake cover on the back and bare skin and produces a characteristic "shiny" effect.
Unfortunately, none of the above version does not seem convincing enough to qualify for a single and indisputable. But in this case, classified Nessie? After all, every phenomenon of nature must have a scientific name. And in 1972 at the legendary Nessie - or rather the phenomenon of "Nessie" - there was another name - Nessitera rhombopteryx. It seems all the more strange and mysterious that his vehicle is still so anyone and could not, so to speak, to touch.
However, scientists do not lose hope to solve the mystery of "curse" of the lake. Since 1993, there is constantly a research expedition of the British Museum. It continues the work begun in 1962 by a special Bureau for investigation of Loch Ness phenomenon - work that was largely ineffective due to lack of sufficiently effective equipment. A new expedition is equipped with the latest hydrological equipment - ultramodern sonar, radar and sensors, able to penetrate into the deepest depths of the lake and to photograph - and videotape any hidden underneath the "object", both moving and stationary.
But Nessie is not in a hurry again to make contact with the person. Although, who knows, maybe the water just waiting for an opportunity. I wonder what will this meeting? ...
And the hope that such a meeting ever held there, especially for those stubborn and persistent. After all, luck smiled at the one day the inquisitive British engineer Tim Dinsdale aviator. And solving the mystery of the Loch Ness monster he had given nothing less than 27 years of life. And it works in the end failed. In April 1950, the first shot Dinsdale mysterious creature on film, though the move. More than that, the film was subjected to a thorough analysis in a special laboratory of the British Air Force. As a result, it has been recognized as genuine. And the conclusion of experienced experts left no doubt: imprinted on the film "object" is definitely not a fishing boat or a boat, and certainly not a submarine, but a living creature! That's just what it is? Well, it is only, perhaps, now remains to establish.