Stone balls in the jungle
In the area of Palmar, in the southeast corner of Costa Rica and close to the border with Panama, lie a few dozen strange stone balls with a diameter of one and a half to two meters. They are randomly scattered across the territory, which once was a jungle, twelve miles from the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Possibly, several hundred of these balls may be - a few thousand. Some are fully or partially on the surface. Further, this place is not investigated thoroughly, and how they are distributed over the surface is unknown.
These areas are made of a very hard volcanic rock, which is found in the mountains in the hinterland, but there balls were found almost all of them perfectly round. Some lie on the ground, some half buried, but several balls resting on pedestals of small stones and boulders. Under some of these pedestals were found some very characteristic pottery belonging to the local culture. In several cases, individual stones or group of stones located strictly on one line
Age mysterious spheres is about five hundred years. If we assume that they are made by artificial means, it is - a titanic task. In the name of what?
Dr. Samuel Lothrop, in 1954 for the first time studied the stone balls, suggested that they are a kind of map of the mutual disposition of the heavenly bodies. However, on this assumption, he did not go to the question, why and who needed such a card, did not answer. However, the "astronomical" version of the origin of stone balls based on a sufficiently serious foundation - the Maya, whose culture spread to the Isthmus of Panama, were outstanding astronomers, and in this they are not lagging behind other Indian tribes. They divided the year exactly on the seasonal cycles, observed the movement of the planets and made maps of the sky with a more or less fixed coordinates of celestial objects. But what they needed to lay out a huge "star map", and even from labor-intensive to manufacture stone balls and in this place? Neither the length nor the width of the area does not have some specific values. In addition, this area is strongly crossed, unlike other ancient observatories - such as Stonehenge - and balls do not lie on the same plane, and in disarray scattered on slopes and ramps.
By the "astronomical" versions of the appointment of the balls closest is another hypothesis - "topographic". According to its supporters, stone balls played the role of the indicative signs while surveying the terrain or triangulation points were fixed or temporary borders. It should be borne in mind that, laying their cities, Mayan performed remarkably accurate surveying and marking the territory of the future city. Besides the fact that the spherical shape is convenient to move these "signs" from place to place, nothing surprising in their massiveness not. The fact that the biggest connoisseur of the Maya civilization, archaeologist Dr. Morley noted that the economy of the Maya was the so-called "corn economy" - the main crop was corn (maize). The cultivation of maize in the tropics takes only a few days a year, with the result that the population is still plenty of spare time - ninety percent of the time he simply had nothing to occupy themselves. Hence - it is characteristic of the Mayan civilization abundance of monumental buildings, complex, time-consuming rituals and ceremonies, advanced knowledge of astronomy, medicine and other fields. Maya could afford it!
Among the various hypotheses on the appointment of the mysterious balls of the most exotic - that that these areas were ... money! The fact that on some Pacific islands still use stone money. These stone money look like millstones or grinding wheel. Despite the fact that such a raise "coin" Only a few people, stone "coins" represent the most perfect monetary system of mankind!
Stone was one of the first items that have become used as money. To produce, process and transport the stone millstone, or, in our case, a ball, you have to spend a lot of effort, time and money. Thus, when the stone falls in the owner's disposal, he already possesses a very specific value. Everyone knows that such a person has a stone ball, in fact - all such balls are known throughout society. Steal this treasure is not possible and there is no need to realize the stone will still fail, because it all well known. But the ball can sell, buy, lay and carry out any financial transactions, and there is no need to physically move the stones from owner to owner - let lie where required. Thus, these stones are also capital, banks and a bargaining chip. The financial system, based on the circulation of the stones, it is extremely reliable!
This hypothesis, by the way, explains why the stone spheres are different sizes - for the same reason why the different size have the coin. And why for the money chosen such an unusual form - a ball? Firstly, the sphere - a symbol of the ideal and, thus, has a kind of "sacred"; secondly, to make the scope very hard and invested in her work thus determines its value. Thirdly, it is more convenient to transport the balls - do not know the Mayan wheel or, at least, have not used it.
But it is possible that the answer to the mystery lies on the surface. Geologists say that the "stone balls" are found not only in Costa Rica, and almost everywhere. For example, in Kazakhstan in the development of the sand pit on a sufficiently large depth of several large stone spheres have been found. Stone balls are found in Mexico, the USA, Brazil, Tanzania, Romania, Egypt, on Franz Josef Land. Geology, mineralogy and geophysics believe that the balls are formed by a simple crystallization, spreading as the light from the bulbs evenly in all directions, on the field, farther and farther away from the initial crystallization center. Perhaps the fact that the balls - the next great glaciers were formed naturally as a result of the passage of glaciers. By the way, perfectly round boulders found in the folds of the stone bed of mountain rivers - the fast current by turning stones, eventually turning them into a sphere. But while this is also one of the versions ...