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On the trail of the golden idol

On the trail of the golden idol
Legends about the fabulous riches of the North began to penetrate into Russia in the XI century, who visited Ugra, "the Stone" - of the Ural Mountains - told about the abundance in there the edges of silver and furs, that there is even a "cloud discharge does not rain or snow, and veveritsa mi (proteins) and olentsami "and tell that to priurals-cal forests of people worship the" Golden Baba "- the statue of the Great goddess of the North, a cast of pure gold

Rumors of this "great idol" have penetrated to Russia at the end of the XIV century In 1398, the Russian chronicler, reporting on the death of Stephen of Perm, wrote that the saint had lived among the heathen, the worshipers' idols, fire and water, stone and "Golden Baba" in epistle of Metropolitan Simon Perm inhabitants in 1510 also referred to the worship of the local tribes "Golden Baba"

At the end of the XV century information about the "Golden Babe" reached Western Europe, Polish traveler Maciej Miechowita in 1517 reported "In a land called Vyatka, with penetration in Scythia is a big idol Ziota baba, which means golden woman or old lady surrounding nations revere her and worship her no one passing nearby to chase the animals or chase them on the hunt, not escape her empty-handed and without the offering Even if he does not have a valuable gift, it throws a sacrifice to the idol even sandpaper or torn clothes hairs and reverently bent, passes the "Austrian Ambassador C. Herberstein, who visited Muscovy in the 1520s, wrote that in the Urals is an idol" Golden woman "in the form of an old woman who" holds in the womb of her son, and if there has again seen a child about who says he is her grandson, "Sam Herberstein" Golden Babu "is not seen and could not see - it is hardly ever seen anyone in Europe - but the details recorded a story about her in particular, he mentioned the mysterious pipes surrounding the statue" Golden woman "in her sanctuary" As if she's put some tools that emit a constant sound like a pipe "

The famous Siberian idol trying to find more of Novgorod, who during his trips to the Ugra willingly robbed pagan sanctuaries were interested "Golden Baba" and the Cossacks Ermak They first learned about the "golden image" from the Chuvashia, fled to their camp at the siege of one of the Tatar settlements Chuvash, caught in Siberia as a Tatar prisoner, I spoke a little in Russian, and his words Ermak learned that besieged them the tract Ostiaks pray idol - "the god of gold die-cast, sitting in a bowl and put on the table and circle lights up fat and smokes sulfur, like a ladle "However, the Cossacks took by storm the town, could not find the precious idol

Secondary Cossacks heard of "Golden Baba" when caught in Belo Gorje on the Ob, which housed most revered Ostyaks temple and which was done "zhrenie" regularly and was a "great convention" Here was then the main shrine of the Siberian peoples - "above all a real idol zde bo "but ermakovtsam not had a chance to see it - as they approach the people hidden" boob "as all other treasury -" many meetings kumirnju "Cossacks questioned Ostyaks the" Golden Baba, "and found that here at the Belogorye" a higher molbische their ancient goddess - naked with her son on a chair villagers "here, in Belo highland sanctuary, brought and laid at the feet of" golden woman "taken from the deceased Ermak shell - a gift to the king, according to legend, became the cause of his death

All researchers puzzles "golden woman" always pay attention to the movement of its sanctuary northern nations feared that the idol falls into the hands of Christians, and the route "Golden woman" coincides with the propagation directions of Russian colonization Initially, during the time of Stephen of Perm (the end of the XIV century) " Golden woman "was in the sanctuaries to the west of the Urals after the march of Russian troops in Perm the Great in 1472, when the Permian land were officially attached to the Moscow forest magicians were forced to hide idol in a cave on the river Sosva, in the dense forest on Kovda shores Then she found herself already a stone belt in the Ob Lukomorye After the arrival of Ermak sacred idol carefully concealed in the unknown recesses near the lower reaches of the Ob A further route that for centuries "moved" idol, according to one version, is on the banks of the river Kyzym to Taz lip, and then - on the mountain plateau tableland on the Taimyr Peninsula.

Which of the pagan gods represented the "Golden Woman"? According to one version, it is a UFO-Finnish goddess jumala. English historian D. Beddli identified the "Golden Babu" Chinese goddess Guanyin. At the beginning of the XX century, NS Troubetzkoy identified the "Golden Babu 'with Ob-Ugric goddess Kaltashch (Kaltashch-Anka in Khanty-Kaltashch equator in Mansi) -" the divine woman "," divine mother "goddess, giving the man the soul , patroness of life, procreation, procreation. In the hands of Kaltashch life expectancy and human destiny, it protects women during pregnancy and childbirth. "In the sky, the main - Kaltashch-Anka and world-guy-hu", - said the Khanty and Mansi.

The mysterious "Golden Woman" is still one of the mysteries of history. They say that it is securely hidden in the underground treasure and the secret of its location is transmitted from generation to generation hantskimi shamans together with the ancient secret knowledge of their people. And along with the idol is kept and steel, bound in gilded copper chainmail conqueror of Siberia ...

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