Negoita serenade Genna Miller
December 15, 1944 at a military airfield near London on board a single-engine "Nortmena" rose Major US forces Glenn Miller. As instructed, he flew to the liberation of Paris to conduct the orchestra of the US Air Force at a Christmas concert for the allied forces. The latest moment Major asked to change the requirement so as to get to Paris before the rest of the orchestra, and a chance meeting in the officers' club the night before helped him get a place on board a small plane that, in spite of the rain and fog, intended in the morning to make a dash across English Channel.
Always afraid of flying, Miller is very distrustful attitude to single-engine car, and companion Major, Colonel Norman Beizel, had recalled that when Lindbergh was able to fly a single-engine aircraft across the Atlantic to Paris then certainly they somehow will get.
"And where is the parachute? - Major excitedly asked. " And the colonel replied with a smile - "What's wrong with you, Miller? Or do you want to live forever? "
And soon "Nortmen" off the ground, dove into the haze and ... gone forever.
Only on December 24 the military authorities reported that the famous musician and conductor of the orchestra was missing was beginning a decisive stage of hostilities in Europe, the US command was busy much more important affairs, and therefore all readily agreed to the suggestion that "Nortmen" crashed into the Channel from -this engine failure or icing of planes. No investigation and the search for the remains were not.
But friends and fans of the King of Swing is not satisfied with the breech version, and soon crawled wildest rumors: The Germans shot down and mutilated terribly disfigured musician hiding in some field hospital; Miller was killed in a drunken brawl in a Parisian brothel! Colonel Beizel traded on the black market, he shot Miller and the pilot and the aircraft landed somewhere in France; High Command has arrested Major as a German spy. " Although these stories sounded absurd, mysterious disappearance of Miller and has not received a full explanation.
Glenn Miller has known success in 1939, when he was 35 years old | Fifteen years earlier, he dropped out of college, moved to the West "Coast and became a trombonist in the orchestra of Ben Pollack, and then play with such famous in the 1920s and 1930s jazz masters, kakTommi and Jimmy Dorsey, Red Nichols, Smith, Bell & king of swing, Benny Goodman. The thin, serious young man with rimless glasses famous meticulousness with which invariably brought to perfection every sound, achieving a velvety softness, tenderness and warmth. Having failed with his first orchestra in 1938, Miller created a second and was soon engaged by the New Rochelle "Glenn Island! Casino "and musical theater" Midbruk "in New Jersey. In 1939, a new orchestra Glenn Miller broke through on national radio, and soon ~ all American young people danced to the famous tune "In the spirit," "Pennsylvania 6-5900", "stop coats", "String of Pearls" and the most famous creation of Miller's "Serenade moonlight. " In 1940, the musician's revenues amounted to 800 thousand dollars, and in 1941 the orchestra for the first time appeared in the movie. It was the film "Sun Valley Serenade", for which Glenn Miller composed his famous song "Chattanooga Choo Choo". It was she who brought him the first "gold record" because the record with the record went on to sell over a million copies. However, Miller made fun of himself by his own success, saying: "When you stand on the balcony and see how like mad at the bottom of seven thousand people, it's an exciting spectacle, especially if you know that you roll the tantsulek after more than four thousand." And to the question, I would like him to become the new king of swing, invariably replied: "I would prefer to head one of the best orchestras in the wide profile. Versatility - that's what I want to achieve. "
Eight months after America's entry into World War II Miller suddenly he abandoned his dizzying career, voluntarily went to serve in the army and the fall of 1942, received the rank of captain. Having found among conscripts and volunteers gifted musicians, he founded the American Air Force Orchestra and the following year already spoke to the cadets, who studied at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Here Glenn first tried to bring in elements of military marches and swing was lashing from one of the senior officers. "Marches of John Philip Sousa was good enough during the First World War, and now will fit," - he said his fighter and heard in response: "And the planes that time too now will fit?" And the supreme military command retreated. The US Army began to march under the swing.
Air Force Band has toured all over the country, earning millions and transferring them to the US war effort fund, but Miller thought he was capable of more. Finally in 1944 he was allowed to speak to the American troops stationed in England, and for five and a half months, the BBC Orchestra gave 71 concert, raising the morale of the soldiers as it was unable to do more, and no one ever. One general compared the value of Miller's performances with letters from home. Concerts pass all Allied radio stations, listen to them, not only in Britain but also in the continent. But as they say, not for long music played: stopped transmitting shortly. It was ordered to carry out works on a strictly defined volume, and remote station just could not take a weak signal quality. Still, Glenn Miller appeared in Britain's "civilized" fans. From the conversation with the Queen of England musician I learned that Princess Elizabeth and Margaret Rose almost every night listening to his speech.
In December, the orchestra was ordered to relocate to France. Glenn spent a sleepless night from 14 th to 15 th, discussing with a friend the postwar plans of work and care into retirement. The famous musician wanted to spend their old age in the previously purchased a ranch in California. But ... disappeared. And for forty years of it was not seen or heard.
And suddenly Coat Miller, younger brother Glenn, made a startling public statement: the great maestro was not killed in the crash, but died of lung cancer in one of the hospitals. He actually went on board "Nortmena" December 15, 1944, but the plane landed half an hour after takeoff, and Miller was taken to hospital where he died the next day. This coat of arms Miller started a rumor about the crash because his brother wanted to "die like a hero, and not die in the smelly bed", and tried to back up this rumor letter Glenn, dated in the summer of 1944: "I am very emaciated, but eating for two - recognized musician who is known to have produced a cigarette from his mouth only when blowing into his trombone. - I can not breathe. Probably, I was seriously ill. "
According to the Herb Miller, no one led the search and investigation simply because there was no crash. Moreover, it was reported that in the south of England, the air temperature was 5 degrees Celsius, and barely able to ice the aircraft plane in weather reports for December 15. And the pilot "Nortmena" Colonel Beizel later killed in battle, and Glenn must be buried in a mass grave at a military cemeteries in the UK.
This version is supported by a number of circumstances. Firstly, Glenn Miller increasingly fell into melancholy and anger, and in the last months of his life really looked exhausted and suffering from chest pain. According to Don Haynes, Glenn and Assistant Administrator Air Force Orchestra, Miller is very thin, and "custom-made uniforms hanging bag on it." Vustas George, director of radio concert orchestra, recalled a conversation with Glenn night, during which they discussed plans. "I do not understand, why should we spend time on it, - he said with a sigh musician. - I have a feeling that you will go home without your conductor. '
US military authorities have not confirmed the version of the coat of arms Miller, but retired British pilots have put forward their own and, perhaps more plausible. And to help them in this film forty years ago.
B. 1955 painting "The Glenn Miller Story" was filmed, starring starring James Stewart and June Allyson. After seeing it, the former Air Force navigator, Fred Shaw offered his own version of the disappearance of a famous musician, but, alas, was ridiculed newspapermen. However, in 1984, show still managed to achieve its publication.
December 15, 1944, he was on board the bomber "Lancaster", returning from an unsuccessful raid on Germany. On the way to the south coast of England aircraft dropped cargo, including two-ton bomb, named colloquially 'homemade cookies', which exploded a few meters from the water's surface. Admiring this spectacle, Shaw suddenly noticed at the bottom of "Nortmen" and a moment later the shooter in the rear cockpit asked over the intercom: "Did you see how this turned butterfly?"
According to Shaw, the airplane was destroyed by the shock wave from the explosion of a bomb.
Members of the society of grateful fans of Glenn Miller asked the editorial board of the journal Royal Air Force information that could confirm the story show. At their request the pilot responded, "Lancaster" Victor Gregory. Although he did not see anything, but confirmed that the navigator Shaw really noticed at the bottom of "Nortmen" and the late shooter reported the incident to the ocean plane. Since the failed bomber combat mission, debriefing was not performed, and Gregory did not report the incident to his superiors. Fate "Nortmena" little concern him, he was thinking only about how to safely get home.
After the publication of the article show the history of the Air Force of the British sector of the Ministry of Defence had still investigating this mysterious event, but before the British believed that the case of the Americans. "Nortmen" took off from a British airfield and headed to France, but the flight task was not executed properly, and now no one will ever know whether a small plane met with the bombers or their shared dozens of miles
53 years later to unravel the mystery of the disappearance of Glenn Miller already quite impossible, and it is hardly necessary. After all, important for us his music, and not the circumstances of life and death. In January 1946, 13 months after the disappearance of Glenn, his orchestra conducted by Tex Beneke made his debut at New York's "Capitol." Another five years, he pleased the audience their favorite songs of the swing era. In 1956, after the success of "The History of Glenn Miller's" Orchestra was revived and resumed recording studio. Some of his band continued to perform until the end of the 1970s, and, they say, their concerts were sold out some, though young people in the audience, of course, had never heard of a "live" game of Glenn Miller.