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The great magician Merlin


The great magician Merlin
Merlin, probably, it is the figure with which charged portraits of powerful sorcerers of the Middle Ages. From birth to death, his life consists entirely of mysteries and miraculous events. In the nineteenth century, did not forget to recall the Merlin Mark Twain's novel "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court", today he has devoted his trilogy known English writer Mary Stewart. The reign of the famous King Arthur belongs to the end of V - the beginning of the VI century. At the same time came the life and deeds of his trusted advisor - the magician Merlin. According to one legend Merlin was born of the earth from the demon woman. He intended role of the Antichrist, but the child's mother repented and confessed his sin. The baby was baptized by St. Vlas and it neutralized the effect of the evil forces, retaining, however, inherent in it magical powers.

And soon they were useful to the boy. At an early age he was forced to come to grips with the magicians of the Britons King Vortigern. The situation in the country at that time there was heavy: Vortigern fought with the Germans who tried to seize the island, but they are, as stated in the chronicles, it could opoit love potion. And the king, kindled a mad passion for the daughter of the leader of the German Ronvene actually allowed foreigners to freely conquer Britain.

And then the court magicians, who could not overcome the German witchcraft, advised the monarch to build a castle in Wales, which supposedly should stop the invasion. But he had only to lay on top of a hill her foundation, as he immediately left the ground. Then the magicians declared that build the fortress will not be possible if the hill will not be sprinkled with the blood of a boy, born of a mortal mother, but did not have his father's death. The search for such a child resulted in the fact that Merlin and his mother lured into Vortigern Castle. However, the future great magician was brought before the king by the greatness, beauty and nobility. He was so fascinated by the monarch that he decided not to kill him, and outlined the essence of the case and asked for advice. What Merlin said: - Your Majesty, your mages are deprived of the mind, and forecasters - are primitive and stupid. They showed their ignorance and ignorance of the mysteries of nature: it is a huge body of water under the hill, which absorbed the foundation. Order to deepen the trenches, and you will find a lake at the bottom of which is based on two flat stones, hiding the sleeping dragon. This prophecy came true, and when the dragons were discovered, they entered into with each other in mortal combat.

Having started his career in such a way, Merlin stayed at the court of King Vortigern, then Uther Pendragon and his son Arthur. But this - another legend. ... In the gloomy castle on a rocky promontory waited beautiful Igraine his old Gorloysa husband, the Duke of Cornwall. And she does not know that the King of Britain, Uther so passionately desired her, that he was ready to go at all. He turned to Merlin, who, using his ability to change the appearance of the people, at the time of the king gave the appearance Gorloysa. The fate of his wove the threads so that, until Uther performed feats in bed, the Duke of Cornwall died in battle.

Then the magician went to say goodbye to the body Gorloysa, resting in a deserted hall of the fortress. He was sad: it is not for the gold, or the location of King Uther he went on this deception. The Wizard knew prozrevaya future, the fruit of criminal love - Arthur, will be a powerful king who will unite Britain and give her peace. Much remains after Arthur's fame in England, a proud national spirit, the noble laws of chivalry, legends, which will become a mainstay in the difficult years. Let quite different blood rulers will come to the green island, but they will think their ancestor Arthur - a symbol of power and invincibility.

While Arthur was a baby, Merlin, anticipating the attempts of other pretenders to the throne to kill the boy, he forced the royal couple to give him a child. Where he lived and was educated, he knew only a magician. When King Uther appeared near death, the magician turned to him with all the lords, so that he recognized and proclaimed his son Arthur's new king. So Uther did. Then Merlin made the great sword Excalibur and put him through the power of his magic inside a large stone on which was written: "Who will extract this sword from the stone, he - by right of birth the king over the whole of Britain." When people are sure that, in addition to Arthur, no one can do this, he was recognized as his master, and rich and poor.

The legend is always simple, but in fact, Merlin had to work hard to accommodate the interests of the most powerful lords of the nobility of the Shrew and make them faithful servants, or at least allies Arthur. It has been many years in the wars and battles for the unification of Britain: Merlin during this time that appears at the court, it is not long, despite the protests of his pupil. He loved him with all my heart, is associated with it fate, but is well aware that under his constant care of Arthur will not become a powerful king. And because there is at the court in those moments when it is especially needed.

One day King Arthur said to Merlin, "Do not give me the rest of my barons, require me to take a wife." "That's right, - said Merlin. - You should get married. Is there not a woman to be thy nicer than others "" Yes, - said Arthur. - I have all the sweeter Guinevere, daughter of King Lodegransa that reigns in the country Kameliard, and the house had kept a round table, and he got it from my father. "

Merlin warned the king that he should not take a wife Guinevere, and predicted that it will like the best of Arthur's knights - Lancelot. But the king did not listen, married, although later it happened exactly as predicted and Merlin: Guinevere and Lancelot fell in love. However, their love had for a long time only to burn in the hearts and dreams.

The period of grace peace of Arthur's reign lasted 12 years. It was a time of luxuriant growth of the spirit of chivalry. In his castle of Camelot King collected the most brave and loyal knights and seated them around the famous Round Table. That Merlin taught knights sitting at the table, not to commit murder, not for evil, to avoid treachery, lies and infamy, give charity asking for and, above all, to render respect and protection of women. And from here, from Camelot, the knights went to battle with dragons, giants, and cunning dwarfs.

But the trouble lay in wait for Merlin and he fell madly in love into a kind of Vivian. British researcher E. Butler writes that "Vivian some sources believe the King's daughter, the other - the water fairy. But whoever the woman was, she fell in love with the great magician and his hopelessly bewitched; to maintain their power over him, she fished his secret magical tombs carved into the rock, lured him there forever and there are locked, so that Merlin was alive but completely cut off from the world. " Anticipating this turn of events, Merlin opened to Arthur that he long remains to be on the earth, he will be buried alive. Wizard begged the king to protect the forest eye Excalibur because it can steal a woman who will trust Arthur. And so it happened. Arthur had a sister by his mother - the fairy Morgan, who decided lime king. Morgan herself was no stranger to the art of spellcasting: in youth, hovering charms on a young Arthur, she spent the night with him, and gave birth to his brother's son - Mordred, who wanted to sit on the British throne. Morgan le Fay and stole Arthur's Excalibur, replacing it indistinguishable copy. Magic Sword is given a certain Sir Accolon, knocked him to fight with the king, but Arthur, despite this, the defeated pretender. Moreover, recognizing the role of Morgana in the plot, he forgave her. And in vain, because the witch were not satisfied.

And here once again appears on the scene a brave knight Lancelot. For a long time he restrained his feelings for his wife Guinevere King, but what is right, there is no escaping - fulfilling a prophecy of Merlin: the knight and the queen became lovers. Mordred exposed them and forced Arthur to condemn his wife to a public burning. Lancelot could not allow this: he stole the queen and fled with her to France. Going to the chase, the king handed the reins of Mordred, but one advantage of the absence of Arthur, carried out a coup.

On the subsequent fate of Lancelot and Guinevere legends tell different: in them and death both in a bloody war with the knights of Arthur; Lancelot's death and imprisonment of Queen monastery. According to legend, and that before his death, Lancelot realized his hands the forces of darkness have played the game - the world came to an end in Britain, came to an end brotherhood "Round Table", honor and love, it is time to treachery and blood. His consciousness is turbid, and it loses its memory, and when the newly reborn to life, it is no longer the brilliant knight, and a dirty, ragged preacher, holding the cross in his hand instead of a sword. But against Mordred all authors are unanimous: they returned to Britain, Arthur in a fierce battle with a spear pierced perfidious traitor. But, alas, the son of Morgan and had put the king a mortal wound.

Thus ends and does not end the story of Merlin and King Arthur, for where else alive sharpened Viviana great magician. One legend says that, along with other elected, he was transported to the legendary Shambhala and now live among the great teachers of mankind. And what happened to the king? Companions laid him in a boat that was slowly gliding through the mist, Arthur claimed the glorious sea on the magical island of Avalon. "Be comforted, - he said before he died heartbroken knights. - And I know that I'll come again when you need me in Britain".

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