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Iberian savage


Iberian savage
On the pages of old newspapers sometimes can meet strange stories. Here is one of them, it was almost two centuries. It is published in the "Journal de l'Ampir" January 17, 1814, signed by the deputy prefect Mr Foy district Basklya de Lagreza. Although since our grandfathers and fathers, and we ourselves have witnessed many amazing events, this story is extremely interesting and deserves to be extracted to the light from older, dusty pages. It deals with the events that took place in the Pyrenees, in the part of the Department of Ariege, which formed while the county of Foix, to cliffs and bottomless abyss over which dominates all of its 3,000 meters of the majestic Mont-Kalm. One day - the date is not precisely defined, but no earlier than the summer of 1807 - the hunters noticed among the towering cliffs completely naked woman. She stood on one of the peaks on the edge of the cliff and seemed chto-to carefully, without the slightest fear, considered in the depths of the abyss over which bent as if ready to throw down Although it was quite far, failed to consider that she was tall and thin, her skin was tanned and long hair covered her shoulders and back.

Hunters tried to approach. Seeing the people, she let out a cry of horror and began to run, with surprising agility by jumping on the piling up of unstable, wobbly stones. She moved on steep slopes with the same ease with which a society lady runs along the paths of the park sprinkled with sand. I had to give up the pursuit. Hunters are back in Syuk fairly large village in half a league from the town of Vic-Dessos, the administrative center of the picturesque canton. Of course, they did not make a secret of the extraordinary meeting. Less than an hour later all the inhabitants of the village already knew that in the surrounding mountains there was an amazing creature - poluzhenschina, in luobezyana. The bravest decided to immediately organize a round-up, and just before dawn, they were sitting in ambush behind the rocks around the place where the woman had seen the day before the sun rose, it appeared, unaware of the danger. She was surrounded, seized, ignoring the cries and resistance. We had to tie her hands to wrap it in a piece of cloth, which she, however, had time to turn into rags. When she realized that she was going to take away with them, then huddled in desperate convulsions, emitting a fierce growl. Surrounding it seemed that among the weeping, and they have discerned the threat uttered in French. Convinced now that caught them being not an animal, and a woman and their compatriot, they took her, not without resistance on her part, to the house of the local priest.

Cure met this stray from God's flock sheep gently and softly. I turned to her with a comforting and soothing speech. It was impossible to understand, I realized there any word from that captive wild compassionate speech, but the sight of his cassock aroused, can be seen in her brain clouded some distant memories. The poor woman suddenly calmed down. She lowered her head and seems to be plunged in sorrowful meditation. She was crying and moving her lips as if saying a prayer. Perhaps she remembered her husband disappeared: some of those present claimed that a scrap heard the phrase: "... that will tell my husband," Taking advantage of this moment of enlightenment began to ask her questions. She did not answer any of them. They offered food. She refused it. She seemed to have lost interest in everything. It confuses that, despite the pitiful nakedness of the body skinny, rough, chapped skin, matted hair, this poor, still quite young, has not lost a noble and dignified appearance. Her gaunt face preserved remains of beauty, and in her eyes when she looked at the peasants gathered around her, guessed arrogance and contempt.

Evening came Cure decided I needed to relax captive. He has prepared a room with a comfortable bed, linen and food, has taken steps to unhappy could not hurt themselves, and left her alone, locked the door on the two key turnover, to avoid any possibility of escape. Early the next day he was on his feet. The house was quiet: savage, probably still asleep. Father gently opened the door ... The room was empty on the path leading into the mountains, found a torn dress and skirt left near the bed on the eve of the fugitive, it was a trail. All local hunters and shepherds rushed in pursuit, competing with each other in dexterity. But all was in vain.

Then it is sometimes seen from a distance, collecting grass in inaccessible rocky ridges running along the beach or along the lake - huge space stagnant, decaying water full of frogs, salamanders and leeches. She rushed into the water from the coastal rocks and get out of the water with the production, which is right there on the course, ate. Sometimes I saw her on the top of a high cliff. She stood in sorrowful meditation, like a statue, motionless as a stone beneath her feet.

Autumn has come. I had to give up trying to catch a savage. The winter that year was early and harsh. It dropped a lot of snow. The locked for months in their homes, farmers often recalled the unhappy woman he wanted to save, albeit against her will. Now she was certainly dead. It killed or cold, or she was bound to die from no food: the land was covered with three-meter layer of snow, and mountain lakes are frozen to the bottom. Unless, of course, before it rend bears, while in this area of ​​the Pyrenees there were many more. One could be sure that no one and never see her alive.

In the early autumn fine days the boldest went to the mountains, hoping to find at least some traces that can shed light on the fate of the unfortunate. As soon as they reached the first mountain spurs, and saw her - as always, completely naked, and seemed even more than usual agility jumping from stone to stone and with pleasure to ride on the snow. It was absolutely incredible! Rumors of the miracle spread throughout the area. Mr Vernier, the magistrate of the canton, has decided that it is necessary to act. He went to Syuk, scored several groups of hunters and he led them. Wild woman was caught and to prevent new escapes, she was taken, this time in Vic-Dessos.

Vernier first tried to gain the trust of his captive. He was determined to learn her secret. He managed to get her to take out of his hands a simple meal: fresh herbs, meat and fish. But, despite all the questions, she stubbornly remained silent. However, when he asked how she was able to escape the claws of bears, she said: "The bears, they are my friends, they warmed me ..." She said the words clearly, her voice was clear, we are - without a foreign accent. In a manner of speaking, it was clear that she was not one of the common people. According to some other snatches of phrases that could pull out of her persistent questioning, it was established that in 1793, fleeing the revolution, she and her husband emigrated to Spain. After many years of living in a foreign country the couple decided to return home. Whether some political reasons did not allow them to pass by the border guards, whether they have decided to return to France incognito, but they went without a guide on mountain trails through the Pyrenees. There they were attacked by smugglers. Perhaps her husband in this battle was killed and distraught and chooses to die woman climbed into the most remote corner of the mountain. Thus began her life of Robinson, which lasted at least two years. Justice of the Peace, as an exemplary employee and knowing in this insane enemy empire, found that more reliable to carry it in Foix, the department center, and to submit the case to the prefect.

The publication of this article caused a lot of letters, some of which were sharp, even abusive. The author was accused of what he tells readers uninteresting, boring stories, which is obvious implausibility. Other sympathetic warned that taking the true story, printed in the "Journal de l'Ampir", he became a victim of the famous blind hoaxer. However, not all so simple. Authors showed cautious and in no hurry to introduce this incredible, at first glance, the public story without checking. In the archives, as you know, you can find everything if you want. There he found the file on a female savage, even though it cost him some difficulty, because, contrary to what he had learned from the sub-prefect of the narrative, it was not caught in 1814. I had to see the correspondence Ariege authorities and police minister until 1808 to find traces of the accident. Private business sub-prefect Lagreza shows besides that he took up his duties only in 1811, that is three years after the events described. This fact, as we shall see, will be useful.

Some reporters wrote that the memories of an unnamed crazy still alive in the villages of the county of Foix. "When I arrived in Ariege, - said one of them - it was the first story I heard." She was also told Bertha and Eli, as a young man he served in the administration of mines in Vic-Dessose ... Later, a fashion writer, he thought about it, and it became the basis for his novel "Anthony", published in 1850. The following year, "Anthony", of course, considerably augmented, transformed into three volumes of "Pyrenees girls", which was reprinted in 1877 under the name of, a relevant subject, - "Crazy from the Pyrenees."

Preserved letter from a reputable specialist Dr. Paul Kurbon, chief physician of the psychiatric hospital Stefansfelda, not far from Strasbourg. He said the contents of the report submitted to the Congress of neurologists, psychiatrists, held in Tunis in 1912. Crazy from the Pyrenees is not mentioned, but considering similar cases. "And today - wrote Dr. Kurban - cases where the crazy, escaped from the hospital, live for weeks without winter clothing, outdoor, are not exclusive. The physiology of these patients is quite different from that of normal people and allows them to endure adverse weather factors. "

What is the cause of the characteristics of the patient? Atavism.

Each person receives at birth, genetic heritage, dating back to distant ancestors. Often you can find similarities, sometimes startling, the grandson of his grandfather, or even with a portrait of his great-grandfather or great-grandfather. The tastes, inclinations, which he will have when he grows up, often in spite of everything, will be the tastes and inclinations of his more or less distant ancestors. Scientists, however, admit that at the whim of nature, fortunately, rare, newborn generations inherit traits that lived hundreds of thousands of years ago. Sometimes ancestor, whom he copies, - the primitive man. Then the genetic inheritance of his terrible undeveloped. accident no vocal cords are able to publish articulate sounds and reproduce only barking, meowing or growling.

Can I include here the case of mad Pyrenees? Or is it insanity of a different nature? The question that can not be

accurately answer.

To leave the higher spheres of science, we must once again express my deep gratitude to the prefect of Ariege. He willingly sent their scientists, except for valuable bibliographical instructions, copies of rare documents relating to the savage and preserved in the city archives. They imply that this story has been immortalized and is reflected in the extensive literature. It was mentioned in the "Description of Ariege Department," published in 1839, and in the edition of 1863, in the volume issued in Mr. Foy Bozhesom, headmaster vArezhe, as well as in 1905, in the guide Louis Gossen. She even inspired poets. One of them, signed by the name Rukatil, a ballad dedicated to her in the local dialect, the other arezhsky singer Raul Lafazhet, used her story in his poem "peaks and valleys". Even before Eli Bertha had written a novel on the subject. In 1817 there was a "life and tragic death of Madame de'll be found in January 1814 (the date is wrong, as it has been shown above), completely naked, in the rocky mountains ..." in Paris Written Event contemporary, it could, it would seem , shed light on the mysterious identity of the unfortunate prisoner prison in Foix. But just presented a set of pompous phrases, to which history is irrelevant. The same can be said about the story, published in Carcassonne in 1884 abbot Labornom, curate of Reysak-sur-Lampi, called "Hermance de Valmega, or history of crazy, found in 1809 (another mistake - Ed.). Among rocky spurs of Montcalm. " To his work had a happy ending, the author would not allow the death of his heroine in prison and allowed her husband, Count de Valmega, with the assistance of the overseer, to release her and bring in a post-chaise, and then his selfless concern returned to her mind.

All this is pure fiction. Official and original documents, unfortunately, very brief. Those that we have thanks to Mr. Prefect Ariege, fully coincide with the messages stored in the National Archives. It follows from them that the poor stubbornly remained silent: "All she asked questions she answered sobbing, interrupted by the word" husband ". This suggests that she lost her mind as a result of some great misfortune. " This state of affairs was, in the end, bring inconvenience to the authorities. Since the Ariege department did not have any psychiatric hospital, the prefect turned to his colleague in the Haute-Garonne to provide a place for women in the shelter of Toulouse. But they refused to accept it, apparently believing that charity is necessary to apply only to patients in his department. What officials Foy tried to answer that their client owns the Upper random Ha-sidedly to the same extent as the Ariege. No one knows where she came from. But all was in vain.

While local authorities have tried to arrange its fate, the Minister of Police insisted on clarifying some suspicious moments in the history of this prisoner: "From the moment she refused to answer questions, and before to escape, her actions did not seem so crazy, what she He wants them to imagine: it is necessary to find out the reasons for which she stubbornly refused to respond to who she really is. " But if the matter was purely administrative and also gave so much inconvenience to officials, why could not let go to free this woman? She would have returned to their mountains, where she could not bring anyone any harm by joining the society bears, less formalist than the people who, in her own words, "would have warmed it in the winter." But no. She was held in custody in accordance with the instructions!

After the first two weeks in the shelter, which is an example of how it violated his extravagant antics, it was decided to "isolate" that is put in jail. While in prison Foy served as an old feudal castle, the three massive towers which stands proudly above the city. When the poor themselves felt, her despair and terror locked in a small cell expressed in these mournful and prolonged screams that literally overseer distracted screams and put her on the stairs round tower, between two closed doors. There's insane were more at risk: firstly, it does not tolerate any clothes on themselves, and secondly, the place itself was very unhealthy. Imagine the horror of this miserable - Ms will, or may, Countess de Valmega. Once it is, it is likely owned castle servants and coaches, and now dying completely naked on the stone steps of the prison tower. As she continued to moan day and night, the jailers "guessed" to hide it in one of those bags of stone, which are now shown to tourists as the main attraction of the fortress near the warden left her a piece of bread, water, shut the door and quietly retired

Captive, naked, remained in the dark, icy dungeon When a few days later the supervisor decided it was time to feed the prisoners, he found her dead one that survived two winters in the snowy mountains, the one adopted and warmed in their dens wild animals not could move barbarism people and cruel orders of "civilization" It happened just at the moment when the news came that she had given a place in a shelter for the mentally ill in St. Lisieux before us a death certificate for October 29, 1808 in front of the mayor of Foix brought Arno Burtol, prison warden, said that today, at 1 am, the woman's name, surname, occupation, place of birth and residence is not known, about 45 years old, died in prison entrusted to him "

There is evidence that the history of women savage not a hoax What it lacks many details that might shed light on the mystery, most likely due to the fact that some documents had disappeared from the archives is enough to re-read the article sub-prefect Bass klya de Lagreza, and it becomes clear that he was acquainted with the documents, which we do not have the protocols of interrogations crazy, materials of the investigation is true, the magistrate of the Vic-Dessosa, reports of the two shoots, the search for the fugitive, and so forth Besides Lagrez he wrote "in my hands the original materials of the investigation, I would be happy to give them to someone who wants to meet them," We can assume that, having arrived in Ariege in 1811, he knew nothing about the drama he was told he was interested Because his position allowed him to easily access to official documents, he gathered them together, studied, wrote on their basis the article, and as a result of the events in November 1815, he lost his seat and left the country, the securities were not returned to the archive and as long as they not found someone of his descendants, we do not know more about the tragic and mysterious fate of savage Pyrenees

Preserved letter from a reputable specialist Dr. Paul Kurbon, chief physician of the psychiatric hospital Stefansfelda, not far from Strasbourg. He said the contents of the report submitted to the Congress of neurologists, psychiatrists, held in Tunis in 1912. Crazy from the Pyrenees is not mentioned, but considering similar cases. "And today - wrote Dr. Kurban - cases where the crazy, escaped from the hospital, live for weeks without winter clothing, outdoor, are not exclusive. The physiology of these patients is quite different from that of normal people and allows them to endure adverse weather factors. "

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