One of the most striking episodes of the Bible is undoubtedly a legend of the Flood. The legend that capture the imagination like no other, served as the perennial theme of artists of all time. Interestingly, the mention of the Flood are encountered in oral epics and works of many of the peoples of our planet. Scientists have found that similar myths exist in Australia, India, Tibet and Lithuania; they existed in the pre-Columbian America. The content of these legends is very similar. The Spaniards are absorbed at the time the New World, amazed amazing coincidence in the details of all the stories of the Flood in different tribes of Indians.
Description of the biblical Flood, which occurred about 5000 years ago, is not the first mention of this disaster. Earlier the Assyrian myth, written on clay tablets, tells the story of Gilgamesh, who saved in the ark with various animals - and landed after seven days of the flood, high winds to the second shower Nitsir mountain in Mesopotamia. Incidentally, in the histories of floods coincide many details: in order to see if the land came from the water, Noah released a raven and a dove twice; Ut-Napishtim - dove and the swallow. They are similar and ways to build the ark. What is it - voluntary presentation of the same events, the story of the different regional Flood and facts from the history of deystvigelno having had shem place the Deluge, in which multiple submit lei different peoples independently of each other have been warned (ilі guessed, felt themselves) about impending danger?
According to estimates of the ethnologist Andre, about eighty of these legends were known in 1891. They were probably there for more than a hundred - and sixty-eight of them are in no way associated with the biblical original.
Thirteen myths, though different, come to us from Asia; four - from Europe, five - from Africa; nine - from Australia and Oceania; thirty-seven - from the New World: the sixteen - from North America; seven - from Central and fourteen - South. German historian Richard Hennig noticed that different peoples "flood duration varies from five days prior to the fifty-two years (the Aztecs). In seventeen cases, the cause steel showers; in others - snowfall, melting glaciers, cyclones, storms, earthquakes, tsunamis. The Chinese, for example, believe that in general all the flood is an evil spirit Kun-Kun:
"In a fit of rage, he beat his head against one of the pillars supporting the sky, and the heavens to the earth overthrown giant waterspouts."
Flood Mythology is a worldwide scale. But was he really global? Some researchers have tried to prove it. Some talked about the Mongolian sea that once covered the Central Asia and allegedly suddenly disappeared as a result of the earthquake that caused the flood from the east to the west. Others thought if shifted the Earth's axis, so that the water of the seas and oceans rushed from the northern hemisphere to the southern. Still others have argued that millions of years of the Earth surrounded by moist, gaseous atmosphere, such as the Venus; at a certain point cloud mass thickened and stoop to the ground in the form of heavy, prolonged rains.
None of these hypotheses has not been confirmed. But the tradition of presentation of the flood events show that all continents really was an accident, associated with the short-term general flooding of land.
Most clearly this fact is confirmed in the Middle East. Among the peoples of Palestine and Mesopotamia still preserved the memory of a terrible terrible flood. Undoubtedly, all of these descriptions - Assyrian, Babylonian, Sumerian, Palestinian - were linked by a common memory of the same event. The earliest description - Sumerian version - concerns about the year 2000 before Christ. But after the cataclysm described in the Bible and in the "Epic of Gilgamesh", on the ground we had to leave traces. It would be very strange if they were not kept. ... And they were found!
In the years 1928- 1929 Dr. Simon Woolley led a large excavation in those places where once stood the Chaldean city of Ur. The deeper he penetrated into the ground, the more surprising were his observations. He soon took on a clay layer of the three-four-meter thickness. However, it will luchsche if we give the floor to Dr. Woolley: "We dug deeper and deeper, and suddenly changed the nature of the soil, place gangue layers with traces of ancient culture, we came across a perfectly smooth layer of clay, homogeneous throughout its length; Judging by the composition of the clay, it has been applied with water. The workers have suggested that we have reached the muddy bottom of the river ... I told them to dig further. Dig now more than one and a half meters, they now and then stumbling on a clean clay. And then, just as suddenly, as before, on their way back any layers of waste rock ... therefore, large clay deposits represented a milestone in the continuous course of history. On top went the slow development of clean Sumerian civilization, and the bottom were observed traces of a mixed culture of ... Neither the natural flooding of the river could not cause so much clay. Half meter layer of clay could be applied here only a giant water flow -navodneniem what these places have never known before. The presence of such a layer of clay suggests that once, long ago, the development of local culture abruptly interrupted. Where once there was a whole civilization, which then disappeared without a trace - evidently, it has absorbed a flood ... doubt on this score can not be: this flood is the most historic flood which was described in the Sumerian legend and which formed the basis for the story about the misadventures of November ... "
Dr. Woolley's arguments sound quite strongly and therefore generate a strong enough impression. Around the same time, Stephen Langdon has found exactly the same alluvial deposits - that is, "material traces of the Flood" - at Kish, an area of ancient Babylon. In the future, similar to the layers of sedimentary rock were found in Uruk, Phare, Tello and Nineveh ...
The famous French orientalist Dorma wrote: "Now it is clear that a cataclysm, as Langdon suggests, took place in 3300 BC, as evidenced by the traces found at Ur and Kish."
Of course, it can not be a coincidence the fact that in many places of excavations in Mesopotamia identical layers of sedimentary rocks were found. This proves that a giant flood actually occurred. So, archaeological finds, literary and epigraphic works prove that the flood described in the ancient texts, - very real event.
What caused the disaster? And where in the world took so much "extra" water? Even if all the ice to melt, it is still at the same level of the ocean rises for kilometers.
In all the world's traditions of the deluge have a common part. Legends say that in those days the sky was not ... Moon. Lived in antediluvian times and called - "dolunnikami" (the ancient Greeks called them "praselenity", from the Greek Selena - the moon).
So maybe this is the answer to the mystery of the Flood? Our only companion due to its considerable weight twice daily in the world arranges small flood-tides. Moon strongly attracts the point of the Earth's surface that is closest to it, and sublunary point "grows a hump." The soil is raised by half a meter, a meter ocean level, and in some places - up to 18m (Bay of Fundy in the Atlantic). And though we humans have long been accustomed to this everyday, seemingly a phenomenon in our solar system, it is unique. Astronomers do not know the other example of the existence of a relatively light planets like ours such a heavy satellite. That's right, according to scientists, it would be called the Earth and the moon is not a planet and its satellite and double planet. The formation of such a system at the same time from the point of view of cosmology is not possible, which means that the Moon is not a "sister" of the Earth, and how shall I put it, the wife, who came once from the black depths of space. Even called "maiden name" before Selena was supposed nucleus of the deceased of the Phaeton.
As you know, the Moon is moving away from Earth. And now imagine that there was a time when she was hanging over us below. The closer, the greater must be the wave of the tide and the slower rate of apparent motion lights in our sky. If the height of the moon's orbit to reduce exactly 10 times, then it is a geostationary satellite hangs over one point of the Earth. The height of the tide in the ocean at the same time exceed one hundred meters. Few.
"Omit" Moon still slightly lower, and again she will move very slowly in the sky, but this time not from east to west and vice versa. In this case, the tidal wave from the west like a huge crater in the rush to the east coast of America, Africa, the Baltic, the Mediterranean. The peak of the wave should reach, having rested in the barrier on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean and Black Seas special. There many kilometers, almost standing on one place tidal wave will cover the Caucasus easily, in a few days to reach the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea (is not this the reason for the formation of these inland seas drying?). Needless to say, the first in the Caucasus out of the water should appear top of Mount Ararat ...
Depending on the height of the moon the duration of the flood may vary from month to one year. In just a few years, a wave of giant high tide will make a complete revolution around the Earth, having been in all countries. In general, word by word. Just like in the legend! One mystery remains - how the Moon was able to quickly come to Earth, and then just as quickly leave? But maybe, if we understand why the moon is still slow "running away" from us, then let's deal with it a sharp tug in the past?