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Esenin's death

Esenin's death
A lot has been written on this subject. Hunt for sensations authors often appends a chronicle of the events on my own, as if they are directly in the ill-fated fifth room of the hotel "Angleterre", when on the night of December 28 does not become Esenina. Let's try to understand the situation and find out whether the right to be a version of the poet's death at the hands of unknown assassins. The most famous supporter version of the poet's murder is the St. Petersburg writer Vladimir Kuznetsov, who created the book "The Mystery of the death of Esenina." It is possible to find passages on the subject of knowingly false or unprofessional acts drawn up examination. Here he wrote policeman Gorbov Esenina into the discovery of the body: "The Act [3] about suicide Esenina. Comp [avil] sites [Marketing] overseer of the 2nd department of the Leningrad police December 28, 1925
Hand uch [astkovogo] overseer N. Gorbova.


December 28, 1925 I made ​​this act uch [astkovym] overseer 2nd Div. LGM NA Gorbov in the presence of Comrade International manages hotels. Nazarov and witnesses. According to the hotel manager phone message grazh [Danin] Nazarov [Asilah] Mic [aylovicha] to hang on the citizen in a hotel room. Upon arrival I was found hanging from a central heating pipe man, in the following form, neck tightened was not noose, but only one right neck side, face turned to the trumpet, and his right hand grab for pipe corpse hung under the ceiling and feet off the floor it was about 1 1/2 meters, near the place where they found the [n] was hanged herself lying overturned dresser and chandelier standing on it lying on the floor. When removing a corpse from the rope and during the inspection of his was found on the right hand [e] above the elbow with the palm side of the cut on the left hand [e] in the brush scratches under his left eye bruise, dressed in gray trousers, night white shirt, black socks and black patent leather shoes. Upon presentation of the documents appeared to hang Sergey Yesenin, IPR [atel], who arrived from Moscow December 24, 1925
dignify [overenie] [TC] № 42-8516, and the power of attorney to receive 640 p [ubley on Ehrlich's name].
[Control] V. Nazarov
[Witnesses] B. Christmas, P. Medvedev, M. Frohman, B. Ehrlich
[policeman] [illegible]. .. Shinskiy
Uch. Hopes [iratel] 2nd Div. LGM NA Gorbov ".

Police Colonel Edward Hlystalov, associate Kuznetsova, writes on this subject:

"Is it possible to conclude from the above act of suicide of the poet? Absolutely not. The document is at an extremely low professional level. The district overseer did not actually examined the scene, did not record the presence of blood on the floor, the desk, the walls have not figured out what was cut from the corpse's right hand, where to get the rope for hanging, did not describe the state of the locks on the doors, locks on the windows, the availability of key from the castle door, said the state of things in the room (and they are, judging by the publications in the newspapers, were in disarray), clothes (she was in the form of a disheveled, unbuttoned pants emitted, which is clearly seen in the figure of the artist V. Svarog), it does not accustomed as evidence a rope, a razor and other items. <...> The act has no marks on the time of its preparation, the beginning and the end of the investigative procedure. "

Kuznetsov Hlystalov is generally considered that the act, which was to be called a protocol, not Gorbov wrote: according to their research, the author's handwriting "act" and a policeman in his subsequent statement differ. And the style is somewhat different. Gorbov himself, according to the researchers, a former active-secret branch of the Criminal Investigation Division of Administration of the Leningrad executive committee. In addition, he worked for some time as a typesetter, was political commissar war and gave a lot of examinations, which should positively affect its competence. Act from the scene, alas, does not speak of such literacy. Forgery, "police trace"? Or fiction Hlystalova and Kuznetsova? If the poet was killed, whether he was involved in this Gorbov, directly or indirectly? Kuznetsov believes that is the case, resulting in the book detailed biography Gorbova. At the same time policeman examines the biography and other people involved in the "case of Esenina", for example, Leonov, secretary of the Leningrad Council, police chief Yegorova, and friend of the poet Wolf Ehrlich. Ehrlich, according to Kuznetsov, the GPU was a secret collaborator. Arguments of the writer rather questionable, in the book he often finished with phrases such as "evidence is not found, but it is, of course, that's what."

St. Petersburg writer also mentions the act of judicial medical examination and calls him a "lime" (however, opponents of the murder believe otherwise - it hereinafter). The author claims that the doctor Gilyarevsky, whose signature is on the official papers, no examination is not conducted. Again, the focus is on the difference of styles Act and the documents drawn up by a doctor in the years 1926-1928. (To be honest, this did not get the impression, however, decide for yourself..) Here is the text of the act attributed Gilyarevsky:


1925, Dec. 29, at the mortuary Obukhovskoy b-tzu was produced autopsy citizen Sergei Alexandrovich Esenina, and found: The late 30 years, the body properly developed, the satisfactory supply - general background covers pale, his eyes closed, his pupils dilated uniformly ; nose openings are free; mouth compressed; tip of the tongue between the teeth infringed; flat stomach; genitals - is normal; anus clean; lower extremity deep purple color on legs visible in the skin dark red petechiae. In the middle of the forehead, above the bridge of the nose - a recessed groove length of about 4 Santa. and a width of 1 1/2 sant, under his left eye - a small surface abrasion.; on the neck of the larynx - the red furrow, going up to the left and lost about the front of the ear; Right furrow goes slightly upwards to the occipital region, where it is lost; the width of the grooves with a quill; in the lower third of the right shoulder has a skin wound with smooth edges length 4 St .; in the lower third of the left forearm has a wound running in the horizontal direction and 3 in the vertical direction of the wound, the wound about 3 sant. each with smooth edges [inaudible] ... do not penetrate the skin thickness.

Other signs of injury were found. The bones of the skull intact, under the skin graft in place depressed furrow in the frontal area of ​​a small bruise. Brain membrane stretched; hard shell turbid; brain weighs 1920 grams; vessels base of the brain is normal; in the lateral ventricles of a small amount of clear liquid; brain substance on cuts shines on cuts quickly perform blood point. The situation right abdominal organs, the peritoneum is smooth, shiny, in the cavity to about 10. P. [Cc] reddish clear liquid; loop intestines reddish color. The cartilage of the larynx intact. The tip of the tongue will bite, in the esophagus tracks food mixture; in the larynx and Troch - frothy mucus, mucous their pinkish color. Lungs are available in the chest. Heart with a fist of the deceased, in the cavities of his - liquid blood; on the outer shell of the back - a significant number of spot bruising; valves and holes in the norm; on the inner surface of the aorta - some grayish plaques; in the pulmonary pleura large number of spot bruising; light fluffy everywhere passable for air, with significant cuts scraped bloody blister fluid. In the stomach to about 300. P. semi-liquid food mixtures, shall be issued pungent smell of wine; Mucous its reddish color. The capsule spleen wrinkled. The liver is a dark red color. Capsule its smooth, rounded edge. Kidneys are dark red. The capsules are removed easily, in the context of drawing is saved. In the renal tubules is nothing special. Court. honey. Gilyarevsky expert. Witnesses [signature illegible].


Based on autopsy data it should be concluded that the death of Esenina followed by asphyxia, produced by compression of the airways by hanging. Etched on the forehead could occur on the pressure at the hanging. Temnofioletovy color of the lower extremities, point them bruises indicate that the deceased hanged in the state was a long time. The wounds on the upper extremities can be applied by the deceased, and as the surface, the effect of death had not.

External examination.

1) The corpse is stripped;
2) age by the outward appearance - 50 years;
3) growth of average build moderate, power as well;
4) the overall color of the final sheets pallid, back and buttocks solid purple spots, the same spot on the lower limbs ;
5) rigor mortis is expressed in upper and lower extremities and the masticatory muscles - significantly;
6) hair color brown with small gray, length 10 sant, the same color mustache and a small beard;.
7) half-open eyes, the pupils are uniformly expanded, cornea dim, sign lyarshe clearly expressed, the connecting point with eyelids red spots of pink color;
8) bluish lips, mouth half open, tongue between teeth ... <...>

Based on the data of external examination and autopsy concluded that the death of Wittenberg was followed by asphyxia (strangled) by stopping air to the airways through the compression of the neck with a rope, as indicated by the presence of the corpse strangulatsionnoy grooves having a lifetime character (see. P. 14) as well as discovered at autopsy congestion of internal organs (p. 17, 18, 19), typical of the death strangled. The position found according to the interrogation of the corpse, and the absence of signs of struggle on the body give reason to conclude that in this case was a suicide through the hangings, found at autopsy. Found at the opening impression of the brain (p. 26) is a consequence of old inflammatory abscess (boil) and directly related to the death it had.

Kuznetsov said that Yesenin not lived in the hotel "Angleterre", which was found in his body. According to the researcher, the poet, who escaped from Moscow to Leningrad due to fear of being convicted, was not supposed to stay in the hotel when there was an opportunity to stay with friends. There is not a single document, fixed that Yesenin lived in this hotel in December 1925. Moreover, Kuznetsov believes that Sergei was the victim of a conspiracy, and testimony of witnesses and friends - nothing more than a fraud. A Elegy "Good-bye, my friend, goodbye ...", written before her death and dedicated Ehrlich - not a work of the great poet, and all fake.

Kuznetsov said that the "good" to "work" with Yesenin gave Trotsky. But who is the direct murderer? It called the name of revolutionary-terrorist Jacob Bliumkin. The writer also mentions the story of Major Titarenko: According to the military, in the village Urgal Khabarovsk Territory, he met with the former "gulagovtsem" Nikolai Leontiev, who admitted that his own hands shot Esenina. Kuznetsov argues that archival manuscript department of the National Public Library in St. Petersburg kept Esenina original photos, which shows the bullet hole above his right eye and a trace of impact, obviously, the handle of a revolver in his forehead.

The question is, why it was necessary to "hang" the poet, if everything could be attributed to death from a shot from a revolver, which had at the very Esenina? While on the other hand, what the poet himself, according to the official version, hanged, not shot?

One of the supporters of the poet's version of suicide, R. Banchuk very hard criticized Hlystalova companions. It is the "version" of the former colonel of the Interior Ministry became the basis for all subsequent works. Here is a curious phrase of the poet Vladimir Sorokin, who believed that Yesenin was killed: "But the window did not open as much as necessary, and murderers, slowly, played the option of hanging ..." I wonder where Sorokin know? Sorokin Banchuk accuses of lying. For example, the phrase "Letters Ustinov, who promised to tell about Yesenin's death, was found the next morning doth rest" is not valid because Ustinov died in 1932! The version of the immediate death of Ustinov picked up many seekers of mysteries, adding each time its details.

It is worth noting that the new expert pathologists denied violent death Esenina. Doctors have studied the documents of those years, got acquainted with the KGB archives, we analyzed post-mortem pictures of the poet. (The survey was conducted feeler A.) That's what about this thought, Professor of the Moscow Medical Academy. Sechenov Alexander Maslov, who investigated not only the materials of cases of death Esenina and Mayakovsky, but the true cause of death of Ivan the Terrible, N. Krupskaya, M. Frunze:

- Alexander, some time ago in the press began to be criticized version of Sergei Yesenin suicide. You are a long time engaged in solving this mystery ...

- I did not commit suicide Esenina and establish the cause of his death. Murder, suicide or accident - sets a consequence, not a medical examiner.

- Some supporters version of "murder" prove that the riser pipe can not be hung up. Students Literary Institute when he was when the hotel "Angleterre" has existed in its present form, attempted to conduct an experiment - and the strap slides off the pipe. A professor F. Morokhov argues that the poet could not be hung up on their own under the ceiling in a room height of 4 meters.

- I would suggest that many amateur researchers refer to the book "Death of Sergey Yesenin. Documentation. Data. Versions ", which was published on" expert conclusion "on June 28, 1993:" The height of the ceiling of the hotel 5 hotel "Leningrad" (formerly "Angleterre") on the submitted photos is not more than 352 cm ... Human Growth 168 cm in the presence of the stand height 150 cm can firmly fix the twisted (hemp, cotton, silk) rope diameter of 0.6 - 1.0 cm in the vertical smooth tube with a diameter of 3.7 cm at a height of about 358 cm ... In view of the conditions on the rope can be suspended from the body weight of more than 100 kg " .

- Supporters of the version of "murder" are surprised: in the photos hanged on the neck is not "strangulation furrow" from the loop ...

- The act of the poet autopsy December 29, 1925 in a hospital mortuary Obukhovskoy experienced forensic expert AG Gilyarevsky reads: "On the neck over the larynx red furrow, the other pulled up on the left, about to lose the front of the ear. Right furrow goes up to the occipital area ... "This is typical groove to tighten the loop body weight. A feature of the furrow when hanging is uneven depth, which also noted expert Gilyarevsky. But forensic expert S. Nikitin, studying manufactured with high-quality negatives without retouching photographs at the poet's body autopsy table after the opening, said: "It is clearly visible strangulation furrow ..."

- Referring to the notorious "depressed groove" on the forehead, which can be seen at the death mask of the poet. One of the amateur "researchers" wrote that such trauma can only be put "heavy metal object such as a hollow cast-iron iron."

- I already said at the meeting Yesenin Committee that the notorious "impression" has the greatest depth of 3 - 5 mm. Therefore, we can speak only about the depth of the skin. Where does it come from? We can not guess, but we can compare two facts: the corpse's face was drawn, as the Protocol to the pipe. Etched in the frontal holes could be formed by contact with a solid cylindrical object. Data about the damage in the frontal bone is not available. So, traumatic brain injury, as such, taking into account also the brain description, can be discarded.

- But the poet Sidorina in their studies found on the death mask Esenina "trace of a blow or bullet," as well as "a broken nose."

- I have already argued with her. It could be a congenital curvature of the nasal septum. Recall a letter Esenina to Benislavskoy "Galya, my dear! Nothing happened, just so little ride on a horse and broke his nose ... On the nose all nonsense, I will not do anything ... "When our researchers amateur categorically talk about injuries," holes "," holes ", I advise them to read the act of expertise: "The bones of the skull are safe!"

- Whether the poet was at the time of suicide or murder while intoxicated?

- The state is not only strong, but also average Yesenin was not intoxicated. The act states: "In the stomach of about 300 cubic meters. see semi-food mixture, publishing blurred smell of wine. "

- Are there any in recent years, significant research to refute the version of suicide?

- The actual materials there. Just one other myth grows. We can not speculate about the motives of the act of genius Sergei Yesenin. He did so, he thought it necessary for myself at this moment.

Banchuk leads dozens of citations showing that dominates in Yesenin's poetry in the last two years of life the poet the theme of death. A huge amount of work on this issue done Galina Shipulina, she writes in the article "Myths about the death of SA Esenina": "We have observed about 400 cases of death mentioned in the works of S. Yesenin, of which more than a third account for the last two years (respectively 296 and 101), and in half of these last verses the poet speaks of his death, of suicide "(magazine" Literary Azerbaijan ", 1990, # 11).

Currently recognized as the suicide version. Quite logically, given the not very friendly production methods sensations about the poet's death. Of course, it is possible that Yesenin was killed, but it must be strictly proved.

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