Descendants of soldiers of Alexander?
"When people talk about the mysteries of ancient history, almost always remember" the descendants of Alexander the Great ", not the king himself, of course, and those who participated in the campaign of the Greeks in Asia. Who are these "candidates" in descendants "?
The most famous of them Nuristanis (or Kalash, or infidels), who live in the spurs of the Hindu Kush in the north-western Afghanistan, Badakhshan Isolated groups and yagnobtsy in Tajikistan. What confirms this. Unfortunately, not much. Quintus Curtius, the biographer of Alexander, tells the conquest of episode one of the forces of the king of the Central Asian region under the name Bubatsena. Researchers are trying to compare it with a modern Badakhshan. But, according to the official version, the army did not go there. In 329 BC. e. it has passed through the territory of present-day Afghanistan and by the Helmand River rose to the crest of the Hindu Kush. When he reached the Syr Darya, the army returned the same way back. However, without going to the limits of the Pamirs, some of its troops could go in Badakhshan. Its inhabitants still keep the legend of "Iskander Zorkanae" - "Alexander horned." And another, indirect, evidence that the Greeks were familiar with these places: in the geographical works of later times have found the names of the settlements of the area. Then someone from the Greeks still been here?
With regard Yagnob, the only fairly accurate description of the area - notes of Central Asia researcher M. Andreev, made in 1927-1928, respectively. Yagnob - closed small mountainous country in western Tajikistan, located in the eastern part of the largest tributaries of the Zarafshan River Fand. According to legend, Alexander passed through the Zeravshan, visited neighboring Yagnob Falgar and turned in a village near Tagfon to "take some food." Today the exact evidence that the king was here, no. However, other well known.
Yagnobtsy direct descendants of the Sogdians, the inhabitants of Sogdiana, Alexander conquered army. "It can be assumed, - says in the materials M. Andreev - yagnobtsy that were once pushed, forced into their present habitat, for which there were no bidders, and where they could survive, gradually melting in the number of ..." He added. ". preserving their mysterious language, not like the language or one of the surrounding ethnic groups. "
Finally, on Nuristanis. "The origin of 60 thousand Nuristanis remains unsolved" - it is written in almost all major studies on the history of Asia Minor. Many Kalash blonde hair, blue eyes. This typical Indo-Europeans. The most common version of the origin of Kalash is based on their own legends. According to one - they are really the descendants of soldiers of Alexander, who had taken refuge in the mountains of the Hindu Kush and stay here forever. On the other - the remains of a reconnaissance detachment sent in Bajour, but rebellious and did not wish to return home.
About Kalash wrote a lot. The famous English explorer Bruce pointed out, for example, on the vestiges have some Greek religious ceremonies. Other scientists refer to Babur, the first ruler of the Mughal dynasty, which reported that the pagan Kalash consume large quantities of strong grape wines, while the surrounding tribes and their perceptions of them did not have ...
Now we come to the main question, without which it would be meaningless to speak of "the descendants of Alexander." How big was grekomakedonsky, so to speak, the genetic contribution to the ethnic environment in these areas?
The enormous power that resulted from the conquests of Alexander, stretching from the west coast of the Balkan Peninsula to India. In the north, it was close to the Danube and bordered by the Black Sea, to the south reaches the Indian Ocean, Arabia and North Africa. Many researchers refer to Diodorus data referred to the program outlined in the king's instructions. Alexander assumed "unity of many nations into one, the movement of people from Asia to Europe and back to be united the two great continents marriages and unions, and to live in harmony, friendship and kinship."
One of the most important (and last) king of activities in its eastern policy was the conclusion of marriages with representatives of indigenous peoples to "blood mixing combine winners and losers." How can this be explained? LOVE Alexander in humanity? Desire to fraternize East and West? The sources did not give any reason to draw such conclusions. Just Macedonian king did not believe in the strength of his conquests, he was afraid of riots and was looking for a means to strengthen the fragile empire. Its eastern policy was only a means to achieve world domination. But we are concerned about its fruits. The army of Alexander, came to Asia (tens of thousands), was ethnically diverse. The infantry of the Greeks in battle almost did not participate and was used as garrisons scattered throughout the territory of Central Asia. Very important is the fact that Alexander is constantly getting replenishment of Macedonia, Greece, Thrace, which are also numbered in the thousands.
What happened? Instead of "happiness migration from Asia to Greece", as called Alexander, Macedonians and Greeks settled in the conquered areas. This is documented. According to some scientists, some Greeks among the people disappeared in some areas, and gave birth to a qualitatively new ethnic fuppam. Is this possible?
Many ethnographers replied in the affirmative. Terms of complete isolation, where only 3-4 months a year distant villages can communicate with the other world, proved to be very favorable for the preservation of natural features, acquired thousands of years ago. But the search is just beginning. Perhaps there will be other areas of research, and other peoples or tribes will have grounds to believe "the descendants of soldiers of Alexander the Great."