Underground City SS
In Poland and Germany is still a legend about the mysterious subterranean fortifications, lost in the woods of north-western Poland and is marked on the maps as the Wehrmacht's "Camp of the earthworm." This concreted and reinforced underground city remains to this day one of the terra incognita of the XX century. "In the early 1960s I, the military prosecutor, had to leave on urgent business from Wrocław through Wołów, Głogów, Green Guru and Mendzizhech in Kenshitsu - he says Colonel retired Justice Alexander Liskin. - Lost in the folds of this relief the north-western Poland, a small town seemed to be completely forgotten.
Around the gloomy, rugged forests, small rivers and lakes, old minefields, dragon's teeth, nicknamed "dragon teeth", and ditches overgrown thistle erupted us fortified Wehrmacht. Concrete, barbed wire, moss-covered ruins - all that remains of a strong defensive wall, once had to "cover up" Fatherland if the war would roll back. The Germans Mendzizhech Mezeritsem was called. Fortified areas, and incorporates Kenshitsu - "Mezeritskim". In Kenshitse I have ever come before. Coming to the life of this village is almost not noticeable: peace and quiet, the air is filled with scents of the forest near. Here, in an obscure patch of the world in Europe, the military, there was talk about the mystery of the forest of Lake Krzywe, located somewhere nearby, in salary deaf coniferous forest. But no details. Rather - rumors, speculation ... I remember on the old, sometimes sagging paved road going to the "victory" in the location of one of the brigades of communication of the Northern Group.
Pyatibatalonnaya brigade was located in the former German military town, hidden from prying eyes in a green forest. Once upon a time this place was marked on the maps Wehrmacht toponym «Regenwurmlager» - «Camp of the earthworm." The driver, Corporal Vladimir Chernov, drills lane eyes while listening to the carburetor has recently returned from the overhaul of cars. Left sandy slope, overgrown with spruce. Fir and pine trees, it seems, are the same everywhere. But here they look grimly. Forced to stop. I guess the curb near a large hazel. Leaving from corporal lifted her hood and slowly climb the scree sand. End of July - it's time to collect hazelnuts. Walking around the bush, suddenly I come across an old grave, Blackened wooden catholic cross on which hangs a wife of the SS helmet, covered with a thick web of cracks at the base of the Cross - white ceramic jar with dried wildflowers. The sparse grass guess oplyvshy parapet of the trench, blackened cartridge cases from a German machine gun «MG». It is probably good once sweep the road.
I am returning to the car. Bottom Chernov waving my arms to indicate the slope. A few more steps and I see sticking out of the sand packing old mortar. They seemed to have taken away melt water, rain, wind: stabilizers sucked sand, head fuses sticking out. Only Zaden ... dangerous place in a quiet forest. Ten minutes later, the path seemed built of huge boulders wall of the former camp. A hundred meters away, near the road, like a concrete bunker, Gray-foot dome of the engineering structure. On the other side - the ruins obviously mansion. On the wall, as if cutting off the carriageway road from the military camp, almost invisible traces of bullets and shrapnel.
According to local residents, protracted battles were not here, the Germans did not survive the onslaught. When it became clear that the garrison (two regiments, divisions school SS "Death's Head" and part of the software) can get into the environment, he immediately evacuated. It is hard to imagine how it was possible for a few hours, almost the entire division to escape from this natural trap. And where? If the only road on which we travel, has been intercepted by the tanks of the 44th Guards Tank Brigade of the First Guards Tank Army General Katukov. The first "rammed" and found a gap in the minefields fortified tank battalion Guard Major Alexei Karabanova posthumously - Hero of the Soviet Union. That's around here somewhere and he was burned in his wounded car to the end of January 1945 ...
Kenshitsky garrison I remember this: a stone wall - line of the barracks buildings, parade, sports grounds, a dining room, a little further - the headquarters, classrooms, hangars for machinery and communications equipment. Had important Brigade was part of the elite forces, which provided the General Staff command and control in the impressive space of the European theater of operations. From the north to the camp and looms Lake Krzywe, comparable in size, for example, Cheremenetskim that near St. Petersburg, Moscow Region or debt. Amazing beauty, kenshitskoe forest lake surrounded by characters throughout the mystery, which seems to be here, even the air is saturated.
Since 1945 and until almost the end of the 1950s the place it was, in fact, only a security management supervision of the city Mendzizhech - where, as they say, for the service he was in charge of the Polish officer Telyutko names - yes commander stationed somewhere near the Polish artillery regiment. With their direct participation and was made the temporary transfer of the territory of the former German military camp our team communication. Convenient town fully meet the requirements and, it seemed, was all at a glance. However, prudent command of the brigade decided at the same time not violate the rules of the quartering of troops and ordered a garrison in the neighborhood and an engineering careful exploration.
It was then, and began opening, impressing even the seasoned veterans, still held at the time service. Let's start with the fact that near the lake, in the reinforced concrete box, was found insulated output of underground power cable, instrument measurements on the veins which showed the presence of an industrial AC voltage of 380 volts. Soon attracted the attention of engineers concrete pit that swallowed the water falls from height. At the same intelligence I reported that may have underground power communication comes from Mendzizhecha.
However, it does not exclude the presence of latent autonomous power and also the fact that the turbine rotates its water falling into the well. They said that the lake is in some way connected with the surrounding bodies of water, and a lot of them here. Check these assumptions sappers brigade was not under force. Parts of the SS, who were in the camp in the rock for them the days of the 45th, as the water sank. Since the bypass around the perimeter of the lake due to the obstruction of the forest was impossible, I take Sunday afternoon, asked the commander of one of the captain's mouth Gamow show me the area with water. They sat in a little boat, and, in turn changing the oars and making short stops for a few hours rounded the lake; We were very close to the shore. On the eastern side of the lake rose more powerful, already overgrown with underbrush hills-heaps. Mostly they guessed artillery caponiers facing front to the east and south. It was possible to observe and two similar pools of small lakes. Next rose plates with inscriptions in two languages: "Danger! Mines! "
- You see Waste heaps? As the Egyptian pyramids. Inside are various secret passages, manholes. Through them out of the ground in the regeneration of our radioreleyschiki garrison fetched veneer. They said that "there is" real gallery. And as these puddles, then, according to field engineers, this is the flooded entrances to the underground city - Gamow said, and continued: - I recommend to watch another riddle - an island in the middle of the lake. A few years ago, low-level post sentries noticed that this island is not really an island in the usual sense. He swims, or rather, drifting slowly, as though standing at anchor. I looked around. Floating island overgrown with firs and willows. Its area did not exceed fifty square meters, and he seemed really slow and hard rocking on the quiet black water pond. At the forest lake it was obviously artificial and south-west and south continued, reminding the appendix. Here, the pole went to a depth of two to three meters, the water was relatively clear, but the lush and reminiscent of fern growing algae completely covered the bottom. In the middle of this bay stood gloomy gray concrete tower, which had obviously once a special purpose. Looking at her, I remembered the air intakes of the Moscow metro, accompanying his deep tunnels. The narrow window could be seen as within the concrete water tower stands. There was no doubt: somewhere beneath me underground structure, which for some reason it took to build it here in remote areas under Mendzizhechem.
But familiarity with the "Camp of the earthworm," this is not over. During that same engineer reconnaissance sappers revealed disguised Hill entrance to the tunnel. Already in the first approximation, it became clear that this is a serious structure, moreover, probably with all sorts of traps, including mine. They said that once a drunk sergeant on his motorcycle on a dare decided to take a ride on the mysterious tunnel. More reckless driver allegedly did not see. We had to check all the facts, clarify, and I turned to the command of the brigade. It turned out that the engineers and signalers brigade as part of a special group, not only down to him, but were removed from the entry at a distance not less than ten kilometers. However, no one in it is not lost. The result - discovered several previously unknown inputs. For obvious reasons, the information about this unusual expedition remained confidential. With one of the staff officers we went outside of the territory, and in the eyes immediately rushed to the familiar "steps to nowhere" and similar to the dot gray concrete dome, faceless sticking out on the other side of the road. - This is one of the entrances to the underground tunnel, - said the officer. - You understand that such revelations might haunt the minds.
This fact is based on our legal status in the host country prompted the weld at the entrance to the tunnel of steel grating and armor plate no tragedy! We have been obliged to eliminate them. However, we know the inputs into the ground make us think that there are others. - So what is it? - Below us, as we can assume, the underground city, where there is everything you need for an autonomous life for many years, - said the officer. - One of the members of the very search group set up on the orders of the brigade commander Colonel Dorosheva, - he continued - the technician-Captain Cherepanov, said later that after the dot out, that we see on a steel spiral stairs they went down deep into the earth. By the light of lanterns acid entered the underground subway. This was exactly the subway, as the bottom of the tunnel is laid railway track. The ceiling was no sign of smoke. On the walls - a neat jointing cables. Probably, the locomotive moved here electricity.
Group entered the tunnel than at the beginning. Tunnel Home was somewhere near the forest lake. The other part was fixed on the west - to the Oder River. Almost immediately we discovered an underground crematorium. Perhaps it is in its furnaces burned remains of the dungeon builders. Slowly, with caution, the search group moved through the tunnel in the direction of modern Germany. Soon abandoned considered tunnel branch - they found dozens. And the right and left. But most of the branches were carefully entombed. Perhaps it was the approach to the unknown objects, including parts of the underground city. Massive underground network remained for the uninitiated fozyaschim many dangerous maze. Check it thoroughly not possible. The tunnel was dry - a sign of a good waterproofing. It seemed, on the other, the unknown, the parties are about the lights seem a train or large truck (vehicles could also move there) ... According to Cherepanov, this was a man-made underground world, it is an excellent implementation of engineering. The captain said that the group was moving slowly, and after a few hours of stay under the ground began to lose the feeling of actually traveled.
To some of its participants had the idea that the study of conserved underground city, laid under the forests, fields and rivers - a task for specialists that level. This new level demanded great effort, money and time. According to our military, subway could stretch for tens of kilometers, and "dive" under the Oder. Where next and where its final station - it was hard to even imagine. Soon the head of the group decided to return. On the exploration results reported to the brigade commander. - It turns out, from the top there was fighting, burned tanks and people - I thought aloud, - and downstairs living giant concrete arteries of the mysterious city. This is not immediately possible to imagine being in this gloomy edge. Frankly, the first information on the extent of the secret dungeon was curtailed, however, and it is amazing. As the former Chief of Staff of the brigade Colonel P. Kabanov, shortly after the memorable first survey of Legnica in Kenshitsu specially arrived commander of the Northern Group of Forces, Colonel-General PS Maryakhina, who personally went down to the underground metro. Later I had the opportunity to meet and have repeatedly talked in detail about the "Camp of the earthworm," one of the last commanders kenshitskoy Brigade, Colonel V. Spiridonov.
Gradually evolved a new vision of this unusual in its scale military mysteries. It turned out that in the period from 1958 to 1992 in pyatibatalonnoy brigade commanders in turn was replaced by nine, and each of them - like it or not - had to adapt to the neighborhood with this unsolved underground territory. Spiridonov service in the brigade passed as if in two stages. At first, in the mid-1970s, Vladimir Ivanovich was a staff officer, and the second - the brigade commander. According to him, almost all the commanders of the Northern Group of Forces (GBS) considered it their duty to visit a distant garrison and personally acquainted with underground labyrinths. As an engineering opinion that have read Spiridonov, just under the garrison it was discovered and surveyed 44 kilometers of underground utilities. Vladimir Ivanovich still preserved some objects fotofafii old German defense under Kenshitsey. On one of them - the entrance to the underground tunnel.
The officer indicates that the height and width of the subway trunk is approximately three meters. The neck is gently lowered into the ground and dives at the fifty-meter depth. There are tunnels branch off and intersect, there are transport-platform interchange. Spiridonov also points out that the walls and ceiling of the underground made of reinforced concrete slabs, the floor is paved with rectangular stone slabs. He personally, as a specialist, drew attention to the fact that this secret pipe was broken in the earth thicker towards the west, the Oder, to which Kenshitsy from a straight 60 kilometers. He had heard that in the area where the underground dives under the Oder, pritoplen tunnel. With one of the commanders of GBS Spiridonov he fell deep into the earth and the army "UAZ" drove through the tunnel in the direction of Germany for at least 20 kilometers. On the underground city, former brigade commander, knew taciturn Pole, known as Dr. Mendzizheche Podbelsky.
In the late 1980s he was almost ninety years old ... An avid local historian, he is at the end of 1940 - beginning of 1950 alone, at your own risk, through a hole detected repeatedly fell to the ground. In the late 1980s Podbelsky told that this strategic site Germans began to build in 1927, but the most active - since 1933, when the power in Germany Hitler came In 1937, the last person arrived at the camp from Berlin and is claimed on rails underground secret. In fact, from this point on the hidden city deemed to be delivered for the use of the Wehrmacht and the SS. What are some hidden communications giant object was connected to the plant and strategic storages, underground also located in the vicinity of the villages is high and Sands that in two to five kilometers to the west and north of the lake. The lake Krzywe, said the colonel, is striking in its beauty and purity. Oddly enough, the lake is an integral part of the mystery. The area of its mirror is not less than 200 thousand square meters, and depths of scale - from 3 (south and west) to 20 meters (in the east). It succeeded in the summer with a favorable light to see in the silty bottom of something, by its shape and other characteristics resembling a very large hatch that gets at military men the nickname of "Eye of the underworld" in the eastern part of some army lovers of fishing.
The so-called "eye" was tightly closed. Is not it at one time had to cover from view of the pilot and heavy bombs already mentioned above, the floating island? What could be a hatch? Most likely, he performed the role of Kingston for emergency flooding of part or all of the underground facilities. But if the door is closed to this day, so we did not use it in January 1945. Thus, we can not exclude the fact that the underground city is not flooded and conserved "to a special occasion." Something kept him aquifers? People are waiting for? Spiridonov said that around the lake, in the woods, many preserved and destroyed objects in wartime. Among them are the ruins of the small complex and the hospital for the elite SS troops. Everything was made of reinforced concrete and refractory bricks. And most importantly - a powerful pillboxes. Their concrete and steel dome were once armed with heavy machine guns and cannons, equipped with semi-automatic ammunition feed mechanism. Under meter armor these caps to a depth of 30-50 meters went underground floors, where a bedroom and utility rooms, food and ammunition supply depots and communications centers.
Personally Spiridonov examined six bunkers, located on the south and west of the lake. Prior to the northern and eastern bunkers, as they say, his hands did not reach. The approaches to these deadly firing points are securely covered with minefields, trenches, concrete tank obstacles, barbed wire, engineering traps. They were at the entrance to each dot. Imagine from the armored door into the bunker is the bridge, which immediately capsize under the feet of the uninitiated, and will inevitably collapse into a deep concrete pit, where he will not live up. The large depth of bunkers connected by passages with underground labyrinths. During the colonel's brigade service subordinates have repeatedly reported to him that the "soldier's radio" reported on Lazy hiding in the basement of the Garrison Club, through which unidentified soldiers allegedly went to "AWOL." These rumors, fortunately, have not been confirmed. However, such reports have to check carefully. But, as for the basement of the mansion, where he lived the brigade commander, confirmed the rumors of Lazy.
Thus, once having decided to test the reliability of the home, he once on Sunday began rattling scrap wall. At one point strikes echoed hollowly in particular. Tapping with the force, the officer lost his weapon: steel scrap under its own weight "fall" into the void. The case for "small" - to investigate further ... But, oddly enough, have not reach the hands "so that" dug out "in the wilderness earthworm! I do not whether he unfolded network of underground cities and Communications up to Berlin? And if, in Kenshitse here, the key to solving the mystery of disappearance and concealment "Amber Room" and other treasures stolen in Eastern Europe and, above all, Russia? Maybe, «Regenwurmlager» - one of the sites of Nazi Germany prepare to acquire an atomic bomb? In 1992, the Communications team left Kenshitsu.
Over the last 34 years, the history of kenshitskogo garrison it had served tens of thousands of soldiers and officers, and referring to their memory, you can probably restore a lot of interesting details of the subterranean mysteries under Mendzizhechem. Perhaps for the assault on "Camp earthworm" remember the veterans of the 44th Guards Tank Brigade of the 1st Guards Tank Army, fighting their neighbors to the right and left - the former soldiers of the 8th Guards Army while Colonel General Chuikov VI and 5th army Lieutenant General Berzarina? "Do they know in modern Poland, the" Camp earthworm? "- Asks a question at the end of the story Alexander Lukin. - Of course, to understand it until the end, if it is possible - it is the Poles and the Germans. Probably in Germany remained and documentary traces, live builders and users of military engineering phenomenon.