Big mystery of the "big bang"
The spectacle of the night sky, studded with stars, mesmerizing anyone whose soul has not grown lazy and did not utterly petrified. Mysterious depths of Eternity swings open before the astonished gaze of men, causing the reflection of the original, about where it all began ...
If curious, we take into the hands of a handbook or some scientific and popular benefits, you will certainly come across them on a version of the theory of the origin of the universe - the so-called "big bang" theory. In summary, this theory can be summarized as follows: initially all matter was compressed into a single "point", which had an unusually high temperature, and then the "point" exploded with tremendous force. The explosion of gradually expanding in all directions superhot cloud of subatomic particles gradually formed the atoms of matter, planets, stars, galaxies, and finally, life. This expansion of the universe continues, and it is unknown how long it will last: maybe someday it will reach its borders.
There is another theory of the origin of the universe. According to her, the origin of the universe, the whole universe, human life and have a reasonable creative act, carried out by God, the Almighty Creator, the nature of which is inscrutable to human reason. "Convinced" materialists generally tend to ridicule this theory, but since it in one form or another believes half of humanity, we can not get around to it in silence.
Explaining the origin of the universe and of man from the mechanistic position, treating the universe as a product of matter, whose development is subject to the objective laws of nature, supporters of rationalism, as a rule, deny non-physical factors, especially when it comes to the existence of a universal or cosmic mind, as this " unscientific. " Science should be considered as something that can be described using mathematical formulas.
One of the biggest problems facing the supporters of the "big bang" theory is just that none of the occurrence of the scenarios they offer the universe can not be described mathematically or physically. According to the basic theories of the "Big Bang", the initial state of the universe was a point of infinitesimal size and infinite density and infinitely high temperature. However, such a condition goes beyond mathematical logic and defies formal description. So in reality, the original state of the universe is nothing definite can be said, and then sum calculations. Therefore, this condition received among scientists called the "phenomenon."
Since this barrier has not yet been overcome, the scientific and popular publications for the general public the theme of "phenomenon" is usually omitted in general and in specialized scientific publications and journals, authors are trying to somehow cope with this mathematical problem, the "phenomenon "referred to as the things unacceptable from a scientific point of view. . Stephen Hawking, Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University, and George FR Ellis, professor of mathematics at the University of Cape Town, in his book "The long range space-time structure" indicates, "we have achieved results support the concept that the universe came into a finite number of years ago. However, the starting point of the theory of the Universe - the so-called "phenomenon" - is beyond the known laws of physics. " Then we have to admit that for the sake of justification "phenomenon", this cornerstone of the theory of "big bang", you must allow the use of research methods, beyond the modern physics.
"Phenomenon", as well as any other starting point, "the beginning of the universe", which includes something that is impossible to describe the scientific categories, is open to question. However, the following question arises: Where did he "phenomenon" as it was formed? After all, the problem of "phenomenon" - is only part of a much larger problem, the problem of the source of the initial state of the universe. In other words - if the original universe was compressed to the point that it has led to this state? And even if we abandon the calling theoretical difficulties "phenomenon", it still remains the question: how did the universe?
In an attempt to overcome this difficulty, some scientists propose the so-called theory of "pulsating universe." In their view, the universe is infinite, time after time, it is compressed to the point, it expands to some limits. This universe has no beginning and no end, there are only a cycle of expansion and contraction cycle. The authors of the hypothesis argue that the universe has always existed, thus it seems to be completely removing the issue of "the beginning of the world."
But the fact is that no one until now has not provided a satisfactory explanation of the mechanism of pulsation. Why is the pulsation of the universe? What causes it is called? Physicist Steven Weinberg in his book "The First Three Minutes" indicate that each time a surge in the universe must inevitably increase the value of the ratio of photons to the number of nukleina that leads to the extinction of the new pulsations. Weinberg concludes that in this way the number of pulsation cycles of the universe of course, which means that at some point they have to stop. Consequently, the "throbbing universe" has an end, and therefore has a beginning ...
And again we come up against in the beginning of the problem ...
Additional efforts creates Einstein's general theory of relativity. The main problem with this theory is that it does not view time as we know it. In Einstein's theory of time and space are combined into a four-dimensional space-time continuum. For it is impossible to describe the object as occupying a certain place at a certain time. Relativistic description of the subject determines its spatial and temporal position as a whole, stretched from the beginning until the end of the subject. For example, a person would have been shown as a single unit all the way in its development from embryo to corpse. Such constructs are called "space-time worms."
But if we are "space-time worms," it means that we are only ordinary form of matter. That man a rational being, it does not take into account. Defining human as a "worm", the theory of relativity does not take into account our individual perception of past, present and future, and is considering a number of individual cases, the combined spatial and temporal existence. In fact, we know that we exist only in the present day, while the past exists only in our memory, and the future - in our imagination. This means that all the concept of "the beginning of the Universe", built on the theory of relativity does not take into account the perception of time by human consciousness. However, time itself is still poorly understood.
Analyzing alternative, nemehanisticheskie conception of the Universe, John Gribbin in the book "White gods" emphasizes
In recent years, there is a "lot of ups creative imagination of thinkers, which today we no longer call any prophets or clairvoyant." One such creative ups was the concept of "white holes", or quasars, which are in the flow of the primary substance "spit" out of himself the whole galaxy. Another hypothesis is discussed in cosmology - the idea of the so-called space-time tunnel, the so-called "space channel." This idea was first proposed in 1962 by physicist John Wheeler in his book "Geometrodynamics", in which the researcher formulated the opportunity nadprostranstvennyh, unusually fast intergalactic journeys that when driving at the speed of light would take millions of years. Some versions of "nadprostranstvennyh channel" concept of considering the possibility of moving through them in the past and future, as well as in other universes and dimensions.
As we see, the theory of "big bang" is under attack from all sides, which causes the legitimate dissatisfaction among scientists, standing on orthodoxy. At the same time scientific publications are increasingly run into direct or indirect recognition of the existence of supernatural forces beyond the control of science. An increasing number of scientists, including prominent mathematicians and theoretical physicists, who believe in the existence of God or the Higher Mind. Such scholars include, for example, winners Ueyld George and William McCrea of the Nobel Prize.
The well-known Soviet scientist, Ph.D., physicist and mathematician OV Tupitcin first Russian scientists managed to prove mathematically that the universe, and with it, and the person who made the Mind is infinitely more powerful than ours - that is, God.
You can not argue, he wrote in his "Notebooks" OV Tupitcin that life, including reasonable - it is always a strictly regulated process. The basis of life is the order of the system of laws by which matter moves. Death - is, on the contrary, disorder, chaos and, as a consequence, the destruction of matter. Without the impact from the outside, and the impact of a reasonable and purposeful, no order is impossible - immediately begins the process of destruction, which means death. Without understanding this, which means that without the recognition of the idea of God, science never destined to discover the root cause of the universe that emerged from the first mother strictly ordered as a result of processes or, as he called them physics, the fundamental laws. Basic - it means the basic and immutable, without which the existence of the world would be impossible.
However, modern man, especially brought up on atheism, it is very difficult to include God in his world - because of poor intuition and the total absence of the notion of God. Well, then we need to believe in a "big bang" ...