About hairy creatures - poluobezyanah-half people - has long been reported that from Siberia, from the Himalayas, the west of North America. What is behind the legend of the "snow man"? International Society of Cryptozoology in Tucson, Arizona, has only about three hundred members, but is the subject of constant ridicule poisonous media because of the strange activities of this organization. "Cryptozoology exploring unusual creatures - says Secretary of the Society anthropologist Richard Greenwell. She is also studying all sorts of information about unusual creatures unknown to science. " In short, Greenwell and his comrades in the community believe in monsters. And admit the existence of "Chinese savage," or as it is called, "Bigfoot" - means to expose themselves to sharp ridicule people completely devoid of romantic vein.
The majority of the inhabitants start to believe in the unbelievable only after careful investigation and verification of the actual materials scientists. Cryptozoology say that recently opened a number of new species. Among them, the pygmy elephant, living in Central Africa - in size, he makes a third of the usual elephant, and Onza - very fierce kind of mountain lion, which has long been a legend among Mexican peasants. Other examples until recently unknown wildlife are the pygmy hippopotamus, white rhinoceros, giant panda and Komodo dragon. "There is evidence that these animals do not exist in the imagination, says Richard Greenwell. - So why not be even more mysterious creatures "Three kinds of wild creatures more attracted the attention of other people?. Probably due to the fact that witnesses describe their half human, half-animal.
These creatures are known by various names: "Big Foot" (in English "bitfut"), "saskuoch", "Yeti", "snowman", "Chinese savage" ... Few scientists showed quite a serious interest in the eyewitness reports of these animals, until recently, did not have new information from a totally unexpected source ...
There is evidence that for many centuries in the eyes of Chinese peasants came across a creature called them "yeren". Great apes "yeren" (or "Chinese savage") is nearly two meters tall, he is able to make tools and weave baskets. Hundreds of cases where farmers in central China have seen this creature went unheeded. By the end of the eighties Western scientists did not have access to the sparsely populated forest areas, where Chinese researchers have accumulated a wealth of factual material about this creature. But then, six countries, including the UK and the US, organized a well-equipped expedition and sent it to the region to study the material and, if lucky, to take for analysis any evidence of the existence of the "Chinese savage" - for example, a bunch of his hair.
Among those who managed to convince to go to Central China for this purpose, was a professor of anthropology at Ohio State University and Jean Poirier Richard Greenwell. What they found there turned out to be the most exciting discovery in their lives. Sam Poirier went on an expedition without much enthusiasm. As a famous scientist, he was skeptical about all reports of such creatures. But his collaboration with Englishman Greenwell within two years of research yielded remarkable results. The expedition took part independent television crews from London, led by Geraldine Easter.
The actual proof of the existence of the Himalayan forest brother "Bigfoot" served as the hair, chosen by farmers who saw a strange creature on their own land. At first, scientists from Shanghai Fudan University came to the conclusion that the hair does not belong to any man or monkey. Then their hair was sent to Ohio State University and University of Birmingham. The analysis, conducted by employees of the department of physics and space research, led by Dr. Ranjit plow, were announced in November 1990. Conclusion British and American scientists has fully confirmed the findings of their Chinese counterparts. Hair belonged essentially, that there was not a man, nor a monkey ... And it actually proved the existence of "Chinese savage."
Scientists have continued to analyze the structure of the hair of the chromosomes, and Professor Poirier said: "We have found that this animal does not fall under any of the known categories. This is the first evidence of the existence of a new higher primates. " The latest discovery in Central China leads to the conclusion that the creature called Gigantopithecus existed, as scientists believe, half a million years ago - long before man - could survive in a very remote from civilization areas. In many places in China, Vietnam and India over a thousand jaws and teeth of this ancient "ape-man" were found. Geraldine Easter says: "The Chinese savage" - a creature about which we know nothing, or Gigantopithecus, who somehow managed to avoid the extinction of one in these areas. He was a contemporary of panda bears, and pandas have survived. "
In 1981, the Research Foundation for the Study of "Chinese savage" was established in Hubei Province. Here are some of the eyewitness testimony collected by the society. On the morning of June 19, 1976 Hong Yulan, a farmer from the village of Kunle, went with a four-child to the mountains to cut grass for the pigs. Going up the path between the two slopes, she suddenly saw six or seven meters away from her brown creature scratching his back against a tree. When this creature is noted Hong Yulan and her child, it struck them. Frightened Hong ran down the hill, and then described it being a research group. According to her, it was higher than an adult, an increase of about 180 centimeters. Hair relatively long arms and legs are covered with hair. It is walk upright like a man, with long strides. It was a male, quite terrible. When she was shown a photograph of an orangutan in a vertical position, Hong said: "It looks that way." Looking at pictures of a bear, she shook her head.
Zhu Kvokyang, a herder from Hilonga, county Fangsyan, gave the following testimony: "June 16, 1974, I pass four bulls in the mountain pastures Longdongtu when suddenly came face to face with a creature like a man, but covered with brown hair. I sent him a gun, but it seized the barrel. I began to pull out his gun, but he could not release him. Then I fired at random, but missed. The creature opened its mouth assumed a menacing face and yellow teeth bared. The teeth were like a man, only a little wider. From fear my knees buckled. My three bull escaped, but the big black bull that used to attack people, snorted and lunged at the creature. It eased the barrel of my gun and ran away. " In the mountains of Kuen-Lun in the north-western China in early 1950 Fan Dzhintkvan worked as part of a geological party of the Ministry of Heavy Industry.
During the two years of work under the contract he met many locals who not only saw, but even fed savages. Fan persuaded an old man to drive him to the chestnut grove, inhabited by these creatures. Here is his story: "As expected, the creature appeared. It was a female growth not less than 160 centimeters with a cub. Maybe because my clothes are different from the old man's clothes, she treated me with a certain apprehension. A young fearlessly ran up to the old man to take his chestnuts. His mother called him. It was a sound vaguely reminiscent of a cry is not the horse, not a donkey. "
"Zhang Eugene Hongta village told how they once killed a wild man:" When I was 18, I was in the Kuomintang army. In spring 1943, I was in a group of 50-60 soldiers were sent to hunt. We came upon a cabin in the mountains. The owner told us that the mountain of the house half-screamed an animal. The county commandant, who led our group, ordered me and another thirty soldiers to take three machine guns and surround the place. When we arrived there, we saw not one, but two beings. One of them sat bowed his head and wept. Others were current around the first and from time to time to touch it. We are within an hour watching them, and then opened fire. That savage that walked, ran away immediately, and the other dropped dead. After seeing it, we found that this male as a man and his whole body covered with brown hair. "
In the stories of savages crying a lot in common. Liu Dzhikvan told how in 1942 put on display a pair of savages caught: "I was then 13 years old, and I went downtown to look at the strange monsters, captured soldiers and mindanovtsami-chained. They were male and female. Their heads were redder than human, with arms hanging hair, females had large breasts and the male tears rolled down her cheeks. We gave them the ear of corn, and they ate it. "
The reliability of such testimony is easy to doubt. Most of the eyewitnesses the peasants, and after so many years of their story arouse suspicion in some distortion of the truth. But recent expeditions deep into China were purely scientific. Recently Huadonskogo Faculty of Biology of the University organized several expeditions that have found traces of the legs of savages, caves, hair and "nests" - unusual structures woven from twigs, sometimes for tens of concentrated in one place. It is assumed that it is the home of savages.
"Chinese savage" has attracted the attention of Western scientists only in recent years. But in the Himalayas living creature, which first became known in the West as early as 1832. Adventurous Englishman BG Hodtson settled in the mountains together with the Nepalese and wrote home about the high humanoid creature covered with dense hair. In Britain, we believe that they have imaginative traveler mistaken for a humanoid creature brown Himalayan bear, or perhaps a large langur monkey. But Hodtson in the scientific journal described as porters Nepalese fled in terror from standing vertically tailless creatures with shaggy hair, which is headed by him. They called him "Rakshasa", which in Sanskrit means "demon". Nepalese Hodtsonu said that the mention of these savages back to the fourth century BC.
After half a century, another Englishman, Major medical service of the Indian Army Laurence Waddell, reported seeing unusual traces allegedly "left by one of the hairy people living in the eternal snows." He found these traces at an altitude of six thousand meters in the north-east Sikkim. In his book "In the Himalayas," he wrote: "Tibetans are all without exception believe in these creatures. However, none of the respondents in this regard and did not lead me to any significant event. " Waddell concluded that hairy savages - it's just yellow snow bears are predators, who often attack yaks.
The next written report about the discovery of unusual should be treated by 1914. Englishman George. RP Gent, forester from Sikkim, wrote that he had found traces of very large strange beings. Similar reports have caused a general curiosity, and in 20-30 years in the mountains rushed a flood of travelers. They have extracted more information about the amazing "yeti". It was at this time, one newspaper reporter called it being "scary snowman."
Nepalese farmers, Tibetan lamas, Sherpas told that "Bigfoot" have always lived in the snowy edge separating forests from glaciers. These eyewitness accounts are highly contradictory. Some say that the animals reach the four-meter height and is extremely flexible. Others argue that they are much lower, waddling walk with your head held high, much gesticulating. Villagers say that the snow people are cautious and are close to human habitation only when it is forcing them to starvation. They eat mainly rodents and lichen, their prey before eating, gutting that belongs only to man. According to the villagers, in the event of danger "yeti" make loud barking sounds. But all the stories of local residents about the "yeti". And where is the proof of its existence?
From rumors to the evidence.
In the twenties of this century by the inhabitants of Yakutia, it was reported that in the local woods appeared "chuchunya" (wild man Yakut name meaning "rejected"). This being collected berries and puts both hands in their mouths. One local resident said: "Seeing us, he stood up to his full height. He was lean and very high, more than two meters. Dressed in deerskin. At the head - mop of unkempt hair. Very long arms. The person - like a man, but a narrow forehead and hangs over his eyes like a visor. He has a solid chin, much larger than a man. He suddenly took to their heels. He ran very fast, jumping every two steps. He was barefoot. "
How reliable are these messages? Find strong evidence of existence of "Bigfoot" it was very difficult. According to rumors, in Tibetan monasteries kept scalps, skins and even the mummy bodies like creatures, but Western scholars have not been able to get these valuable evidence to make the necessary analyzes.
In 1921, Colonel CK Howard-Bury was the first European to see the real live "Bigfoot" ... Colonel led the British expedition to the highest peak of Mount Everest. During the ascent to a height of about seven thousand meters climbers saw a group of unusual creatures. They decided that it must be "wild snow people." Going to a place where there were strange creatures, climbers saw huge footprints in the snow. "Each print was three times higher human foot." Back in England, Howard-Bury he studied the literature on the "wild man" of the Himalayas. He learned that the Tibetans frighten this huge wild beast of their naughty children.
Howard-Bury said: "Children inspire: to monster does not catch them, you need to quickly run down the mountain. Then his long hair fall into his eyes, and it will not be able to see them. " He also learned that female "Bigfoot" are prevented breast huge. One of the climbers confirmed this, saying: "We pursued two females" yeti ", and chest were so big that in order to bend down, they had to throw the chest behind his back."
Spring 1925 English photographer Tombazi watched one of these rare animals on the glacier Zemu. Since he was a member of the Royal Geographical Society, his information all taken seriously. John Napier, in his book "Big Foot" (the title later rooted for the ape creatures of North America) cites the following words Tombazi: "Without a doubt, it is strongly reminiscent of the human figure. Being a dark color, it is outlined against a background of white snow. As far as I could see, it did not have any clothes. A few minutes later the creature hidden in dense bush. For that brief moment, I unfortunately did not have time to use a camera with a telephoto lens or at least consider it better through binoculars. But during the descent, I specifically made a detour to pass by the place where I saw this man or beast. I have carefully examined the footprints that clearly stood out in the snow. "
In 1936, Ronald Kaulbeka expedition confirmed that there are many mysterious marks on the Himalayan slopes. A year later, Frank Smith was able to take the first photograph of the track "Yeti". The situation has changed November 8, 1951, when the mountaineers Eric Shipton and Michael Ward September Tensing made the ascent to the mountain range Gauri Sankar. Glacier Myung-Lung, they came upon a very clear fingerprints very strange tracks. The traces were left by creatures with five toes on the feet, one of which was much larger than the others. Photographers and impeccable knowledge of an experienced ranger Shipton was impossible not to believe. Finally impregnable Everest obeyed New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tensing Norgay. Although Hillary also found giant footprints, he still did not believe in the existence of "yeti". However, later the New Zealander went on an expedition whose purpose was the search for "Bigfoot" and the study of human adaptation to life at very high altitudes. From this expedition, Sir Edmund returned scalp "Bigfoot" in the hands, which he found in Humyungskom monastery. The sensation did not last long: zoologists found that the scalp is an antelope.
The sensation did not last long: zoologists found that the scalp is an antelope. In 1957, an expedition to the Himalayas outfitted Texas oilman Thomas Slick. His team stumbled upon traces left, according to the Nepalese peasants, "Bigfoot" who was killed in the neighborhood of five people. But this expedition and found no "Bigfoot."
A more accessible - and in many ways more puzzling - were the forests and mountains of the western coast of North America. In this wilderness, too, appear mysterious animals. One of these people are more likely to occur. It is called "Big Foot" ( "Bigfoot"). The first reports of nonhuman animals in North America began to arrive at the beginning of the XIX century. The Indians told the white settlers of the hairy creatures that lived in the forests. According to them, they reach more than two meters in height, had a strong chest and broad shoulders, they almost absent neck. The first European to spot the signs of the mysterious creatures in the form of huge footprints, was researcher David Thomas. It happened at the beginning of the XIX century, near Jasper, Alberta.
In 1851 it appeared the first newspaper report being unprecedented. Surprisingly, it came not from the west coast, for future reference in the ground and reports of "Bigfoot" and Greene County, Arkansas. It has been suggested that this "creature, which had an undeniable resemblance to the man," and there was a man feral "after the devastating earthquake in the region in 1811". "Bigfoot" was spotted when he was chasing livestock.
President Theodore Roosevelt, an avid hunter, in 1903, spoke about the attack of a mysterious creature on two hunters in the Salmon River in Idaho. In 1924 there was the dramatic encounter with the "Bigfoot" of all known until now. One day the woodcutter Albert Ostman slept in a sleeping bag in a forest near Vancouver. Suddenly he grabbed a giant "bitfut" and, putting on his shoulder, "like a sack of potatoes", about three hours carrying in his lair. With the dawn Ostman realized that he was a prisoner of the family of a "Bigfoot" - adult female and male and two pups. He had a gun in a bag, which he did not want to take advantage of, as apelike creatures do not harm him, a few cans of canned food and other eatables. That's what he ate while he was in captivity. Meanwhile, "Bigfoot" family gathered himself to feed the young shoots of fir branches, sweet herbs and roots. Sawyer relative freedom within the valley has been provided where the family lived a wild, but behind it is constantly looked after at least two "Bigfoot." In the end, suspecting that he had been kidnapped, to make her husband a baby-female, Ostman decided at the first opportunity to escape. He slipped the father of the family to eat and snuff, as he ran to the river to wash its mouth disappeared. Total Ostman remained a prisoner of the "Bigfoot" for a week, but, fearing ridicule, some time was silent about his adventure. And when all is said, it seemed incredible audience. It seemed incredible to the very same time as the new information did not confirm the observations of the woodcutter.
One of the most interesting meetings with the "Bigfoot" has occurred in British Columbia in 1955. Hunter William Rowe sat in wait, camouflaged in the bushes when close female "Bigfoot" approached him. Many animal growth over two meters and a weight of about one and a half quintals, never suspected he was being watched. Approaching Rowe, it sat under a bush behind which he was hiding. This allowed the hunter to watch him almost point blank range. Rowe could well see a form of "Bigfoot" head, face, hair, figure, manners and gait. The hunter was so amazed by the unexpected meeting that in his confusion forgot about the camera.
Later, he wrote about the meeting: "Apparently, the creature finally scent of my presence, as looked at me straight through the gap between the branches. On his face there was an expression of astonishment. The animal at this moment looked so comical that I could not help but smile. Still remaining on his haunches, it inadvertently made three or four steps back, then straightened to his full height and walked quickly back to where it was. Remove, it continued to follow me over his shoulder, not out of fear, as if not wanting to deal with something that was unfamiliar and incomprehensible to him. " Rowe admitted that for a moment hesitated, not shoot if it is a unique creature as a proof of its existence. He even raised his rifle and took aim. But I could not shoot. "Although I call it the" it ", I now feel that it was a man. And I realized that I could never forgive myself if I killed him. "
A real breakthrough in the hunt for a "Bigfoot" occurred October 20, 1967. Roger Patgerson, a former cowboy and cattle rancher, and his friend Bob Gimlin Indian roamed the woods near the creek Bluff Creek. They came to a clearing and saw the creek, in their own words, the female "Bigfoot" running along the coast. Patgerson grabbed his camera and, while the animal was out of sight, stunning footage filmed by 71 centimeter color film. Then the two friends photographed the traces left by them. Film footage trembling hand went around the whole world, and the majority of experts recognized its validity.