Antichrists from Nibiru
Created: July 28, 2016
Possible existence of the ninth planet of the solar system became known in January 2016. With Planet X linked tilt the axis of rotation of the sun, the destruction of the planetary system and the occurrence of disasters in the world. At the same time, scientists have advanced the understanding of the role of a celestial body in the solar system, modeled its internal structure and proposed a hypothesis to explain the origin of the Planet X "to Lenta.ru" tells about the latest research.
On the possible detection outside the orbit of Planet X Pluto told astronomers Mike Brown and Konstantin Batygin of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena (USA). Possible ninth planet in the solar system is about ten times the mass of Earth and orbits the lights on an elongated orbit (and inclined relative to the plane of Earth's orbit) with a period of 15,000 years. On physical and chemical properties it resembles ice giants Uranus and Neptune. It is believed Brown and Batygin this space object 4.5 billion years ago, was knocked out of the protoplanetary disk close to the sun.
The closest distance from the Sun - 200 AU (which is seven times more than from the Sun to Neptune). The maximum distance of Planet X is estimated at 600-1200 AU, which puts its orbit beyond the Kuiper Belt, where Pluto resides. The probability of errors and Brown Batygin estimated at 0.007 percent. The new planet, scientists have discovered by analyzing it exerted on other celestial bodies gravitational perturbation.
Physics and chemistry
Astronomers Linder Esther and Christoph Mordasini from the University of Bern (Switzerland) came to the following conclusions about the physical and chemical properties of this celestial body. The radius of 3.7 times greater than the Earth. Temperature atmosphere consisting of helium and hydrogen, - minus 226 degrees Celsius. Under the gas shell - a layer of water ice with a temperature of minus 63 degrees Celsius. Even deeper - a thin layer of silicate mantle, under which lies an iron core. Its temperature is estimated at 3.4 thousand degrees Celsius. According to astronomers, Planet X emits about a thousand times more energy than it consumes, and gradually cooled. Scientists believe that Planet X - a small copy of the gas giants Uranus and Neptune.
Possible structure of Planet X
American colleagues astronomers believe that the color of Planet X - dark blue, darker than Neptune, which is in the optical range has a dark blue hue, and Uranus, with its light-blue gas shell. Since the temperature at Planet X extremely low, the methane gas in the atmosphere is little, as opposed to gas Neptune shell. The compound, according to scientists, is condensed and stored in the bottom of the planet's atmosphere or clouds.
If Brown and Batygin believe that Planet X was knocked out of the protoplanetary disk near the Sun, their colleagues from Sweden and France think otherwise: a celestial body can be exoplanet, which is the sun captured from a nearby star. In their work, scientists have considered a scenario in which Planet X was captured by Sun at the other star cluster in its birth. Sun is in the constellation of several thousand young stars, and between low speed (about a kilometer per second) move the planet.
The orbit of Planet X (marked in yellow)
This requires the simultaneous execution of the three conditions. First, capture the Sun. Planet X was supposed to occur at a distance of about 150 astronomical units away (to avoid disturbances on the part of the Kuiper belt). Secondly, the extrasolar planet was orbiting other stars in the cluster at a great distance from it (one hundred astronomical units). This would overcome the impact of the Sun on Planet X its first star. The third condition - after the capture of the Sun exoplanets might reproduce the current dynamic configuration of the solar system. A study in the framework of the N-body simulations, astronomers showed that all three conditions are satisfied.
Astronomers believe that the cluster phase lasts about a hundred million years, and that is enough for distribution of massive stars, and distant from the planet (like Neptune) between the heaviest stars. Similarly, you can explain the nature of many trans-Neptunian objects in the Kuiper belt - those that are located at a distance of between 30 and 55 astronomical units from the sun.
To clean up
Planet X, according to the Spanish and British astronomers, able to perturb the orbits of celestial bodies in the solar system, and throw them out of it. The researchers analyzed the impact of Planet X on the movement of six extreme objects beyond Neptune's orbit semi-major axis of more than 150 astronomical units, and perihelion - 30 astronomical units.
The simulation showed that the orbit of the dwarf planet Sedna and 2012 VP113 candidate will remain stable over the next few hundred million years. On the other hand, the trajectory of trans-Neptunian objects 2004 VN112, TG422 2007 and 2013 RF98 (in diameter, these celestial bodies reach 100-300 km) are unstable and a few tens of millions of years, they can be thrown away by Planet X out of the solar system.
Also, the influence of Planet X French and Brazilian astronomers have explained the slope of the Laplace plane of the solar system. Scientists have examined the dynamics of the four giant planets - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Each of these celestial bodies affect the general direction of the angular momentum of the solar system, perpendicular to the plane of Laplace. Astronomers have studied the effects of Planet X from the Sun and the giant planets. It was found that this effect explains the inclination of six degrees between the Laplace plane and solar equator.
The analytical model describes the slope value, depending on the mass eccentricity (elongation of the orbit parameter), semi-major axis of the orbit of Planet X and the characteristics of giants. A few days before the publication of this discovery reached similar conclusions presented in collaboration with the pioneers of Planet X astronomer Elizabeth Bailey.
Model of the Sun's motion
Some scientists have ventured on a bold hypothesis. Daniel Vitmayer Astrophysicists John Matese and from the United States accused of Planet X in the mass extinction of animals on Earth, occurring every 27 million years. The theory is based on the fact that Planet X orbit around the Sun is tilted slowly, and every 27 million years crosses the Kuiper belt (located at a distance of between 30 and 55 astronomical units from the Sun). This leads to the gravitational perturbations, and Planet X pushes the comet from the Kuiper Belt depth of the solar system. Those bombard the planets (including Earth). As we approach the Sun, they break up into fragments, impeding access of sunlight to the heavenly bodies (including the Earth).
According to scientists, this scenario is the most acceptable explanation for cosmic mass extinction of animals. The other two scenarios - the presence of a second star next to the Sun and vertical vibrations of light as it rotates around the center of the galaxy, as the authors note, do not receive confirmation of palaeontology. For the first time the hypothesis Vitmayer and Mats offered in 1985. Their research is published edition of the journal Nature and Time (with a picture on the cover). According to the initial hypothesis, scientists, Planet X is one to five times the mass of Earth and is a hundred times farther from the sun.
Astronomers Carlos and Raul de la Fuente Marcos believe that beyond the orbit of Pluto is not one, but two super-Earths. Available data on the precession of the perihelion of Sedna, 148 209 2004 VN112, 2007 TG422, 2010 GB174, 2012 VP113 and 2013 RF98 is obtained, according to the authors, a good explanation if we assume the presence of at least two giant celestial bodies, one of which may be Planet H. On the possibility of the existence outside of Pluto's two super-Earths Carlos and Raul de la Fuente Marcos say from 2014.
All conclusions about Planet X are not based on direct observations, and analyzing exerted its influence on other celestial bodies, and computer modeling data. According to astronomers, for immediate opening of Planet X rather 20 days of observations on Japanese Subaru Observatory in Hawaii (USA). Scientists hope to book for this time at the observatory. Then, according to Brown and Batygina opinion, the existence of Planet X will be finally proven.